PRINCETON, N. J.
^ - -
Digitized by the Internet Archive
THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE
American Josrfr of Commissioners for Jfortign fissions
WITH A VIEW OF
OTHER BENEVOLENT OPERATIONS,
FOR THE YEAR 1871.
PRINTED AT THE RIVERSIDE PRESS.
Published at the expense of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Misssion
and the profits devoted to the missionary cause.
V * AAA 4 4 4444
AUt 1582 ft
T^WYtr t *'
TO THE PRINCIPAL MATTERS CONTAINED IN THIS VOLUME.
Adana station, 33, 144, 214; exploring tour in
^ Kajamania, 144; violence, 214.
Ahmednuggur, 176; station report, 176.
Aintab — girls’ boarding-school, 390.
American Board — annual survey of its mis-
sions, 1-12 ; arrangements for the home work,
169; annual meeting, 321-348.
Antioch station, 143, 172 ; week of prayer —
encouraging incidents, 143; the church* their
pastor, and their missionary, 172; persecution
at an out-station, 173.
Arrivals, 59, 124, 253, 284, 313, 365, 396.
Bansko, 37, 262.
Bapt st Missionary Society — English, 49.
Baptist Missionary Union, 273.
Basle Missionary Society, 388.
Batticotta station, 45.
Berlin Missionary Society, 361.
Bibliographical notices, — History of Sandwich
Islands Mission, Anderson ; 27 ; What is Truth,
188 ; Life and Times of David Zeisberger,
Bitlis station, 21, 143; the revival, 21, 143.
Broosa station, 73, 172; Angora as a mission
field, 73; the churches of Galat'a, 74; native
pastors and helpers, 172.
Cesarea station, 39, 170, 214, 304, 357; fire, 39;
condition of the field. 171; brightening pros-
pects among Greeks, 214; the Turks, 216; ex-
tracts from station report, 304; self-support,
305; schools — native female teachers — gen-
eral progress — laborers wanted, 358.
Ceylon mission, 8. 44, 238; annual survey, 8;
power of superstition, 44; a consistent Chris-
tian — scoffers silenced, 45; annual gathering,
46; encouraging items, 46; dedication of a
chapel, 238; interesting inquirers, 239; per-
sonal effort, 240; additions, 240.
Chevermeh, 176, 356.
Christian Vernacular Education Society, 114.
Dakota mission, 11, 71, 135; annual survey,
11; the native ministry — ordinations, 71;
additions to church, 72; baptisms — deaths —
Deaths, 28, 59, 124, 134, 139, 221, 285, 365, 396.
I Donations, 29, 60, 90, 124, 156, 189, 221, 254,
285, 313, 365, 396.
! Duty of American Congregationalists to Foreign
missions — special paper on, 338-342.
Egypt, United Presbyterian mission in, 198.
Embarkation's, 28, 188, 221, 253, 284, 365, 396.
Engravings, Dr. Mark Hopkins, 1; Adana, 33;
missionary house at Erzroom, 65; Tarsus, 97 ;
ruins of Pompeiopolis, 129; Baiboort, Eastern
Turkey, 161; ancient Lystra, 193; ancient
Derbe*225; Cesarea, 257; the old palace, Ma-
dura, 389; Satara, 320, 369.
Erzingan, 74, 112, 176.
Erzroom station, 74, 141, 175, 267; tour to Er-
zingan, 74; success of a blind helper, 86;
interest of the people, 76; a new region vis-
ited, 77; visit to Khanoos, 141; rumors of
war — the United States, 142; out-stations,
175; a tour — a Protestant priest — a Sodom
and its priest, 267 ; encouragement *at the
south, 268; a cold church, 268.
Eski Zagra station, 146, 263: Merichleri — per-
secution and progress, 146 ; persecution at
Yamboul, 263; girls’ school, 381.
! Financial Statements, 67, 205, 261, 371.
Foochow mission. 9, 298; annual survey, 9; visit
to Yungfuh, 298; girls’ school — work for
women, 299: dedication of new chapel, 299;
excitement against foreigners, 383.
Free Church of Scotland — its missions, 115.
j Free-will Baptist Foreign Missionary Societv,
1 Gaboon mission, transfer of, 1.
i Galatia — the churches of, 74.
General Baptist Missionary Society, 150.
Gurun, 39, 145; church formed — ordination,
| Ilaboosi, 214.
: Harpoot station, 24, 41,77, 213, 355; prayer-
meetings among women, 24; notice of some
out-stations, 41; mission of the native churches
in Koordistan, 77; plans for occupying Van,
213; tours — state of the churches, 213; pleas-
ant incidents, 213; a stolen Testament, 214;
progress, 355 ; chapel building at Chevermeh,
I Irish Church missions to Koinan Catholics, 276.
Japan mission, 10, 205, 293, 349 ; annual survey,
10; prospects — government action, 205; trea-
ties — what should be done, 206; letter from
Mr. Gulick, 206 ; persecution — Mr. Gulick’s
teacher arrested, 293 ; general views, 349.
Kara Hadjeloo, 145.
Kara Hissar, 145.
Kullith — church building at, 109.
London Jews Society, 182.
London Missionary Society, 177, 363.
Madura mission, 7, 20, 23, 42, 79, 136,240, 269, 300,
383, 391; annual survey, 7 ; movement among
the heathen, 20 ; a pastor called, 20 ; encour-
agement at Mandapasalai, 23; additions to the
churches, 42 ; work among the heathen, 43 ; a
pillar fallen, 43; help needed, 79; itinerating,
136; losses and gains, 136; medical practice
— case of gratitude, 137 ; review of nine
years, 137 ; the Pasumalie schools, 138; Tamil
hymns — a newspaper, 139: visiting the con-
gregations, 240; what shall be done for Man-
dapasalai ? 241 ; review of twentv-five years,
241; a good report of children, 241; progress,
241; sorely pressed, 242; the Brahma Somaj
and Christ, 269; heathenism waning, 269; the
field and the people — annual report, 270;
Sabbath services, 270; progress in seventeen
years, 271; touring — value of the tent, 300;
Romanists — their ignorance, 300; the priests,
301; Romanists in school, 383; improvements,
383; Mrs. Chandler’s school, 391.
Mahratta mission, 7, 88, 140, 176,210; annual
survey, 7; the field, 88; Rahoori station re-
port, 140; a severe storm, 140; station reports,
176; native Christian Alliance, 211; resolu-
tion of thanks, 212; the church at Bombay,
212. See stations — Ahmednuggur and Sa-
Manissa, 106, 301 ; the new station, 301 ; congre-
gation — persecution, 302; a case of interest
— a second service, 303.
Marash station, 173 ; the Sabbath-school — can-
didates, 173 ; theological school, 381.
Mardin station, 109, 174; difficulties, 112; sta-
tion report, 174; a correction, 175.
Marsovan station, 22, 73, 107 ; a hearty wel-
come, 22; the schools, 73, 109; week of prayer
at Samsoon, 107 ; reform in oriental churches,
108; importance of Samsoon, 108.
Micronesia mission, 10, 17,48, 233 272, 282, 312;
annual survey, 10; letter from Mr. Bingham,
17; atonement at Ponape — influence of the
Jamestown , 18; additions to church, 19, 234,
238; the Nanakin, 19; Gilbert Islands —
schools, 48; the work at Drummond’s Island,
48; letter from Mr. Doane, 233-238; religious
interest — intemperance, 233; another trial to
Narcissus, 233 ; influence of shipping, 235;
new trials, 236; church building, 236 ; build-
ing a saw-mill, 237; rejoicing over the new
vessel, 237; the Morning Star at Honolulu,
272 ; the celestial telegraph — enemies at
peace, 282; a Christianized feast, 312.
Miscellaneous articles — the week of prayer, 12;
how to conduct a monthly concert, 13; mis-
sionary publications, 14; valuable donations,
25; Papal and Protestant, missionaries, 26;
should missionaries go unmarried? 27 ; Adana,
with engraving, 33; the necessity, 34; the new
aspiration, 35; a word of cheer from Tndia,
36 ; apologetic, 37 ; what Romanists are doing.
56; holding on, 57; well done, 57; mission
items, 58; a fast friend fallen, 59; missionary
house at Erzroom, with engraving, 65; music,
68 ; encouragement, 67 ; absence of Secretary,
71; influence of missions on benevolence, 87 ;
touching the right key, 89; she hath done
what she could, 89, 124; a sick girl’s gift, 90;
Tarsus, with engraving, 97; concurrent views
of mission policy, 99 ; letter to theological stu-
dents, 102; farewell letter from Mr. Coan, 104;
a missionary deficit prevented, 105 ; commer-
cial value of missions, 121; another case of
well doing, 123; ruins of Pompeiopolis, with
engraving, 129; Western India native Chris-
tian Alliance, 129 ; Sandwich Islands matters,
152; a Brahmin’s testimony, 154; then and
now in Cej’lon, 155; Baiboort, with engrav-
ing, 161;; woman’s opportunity, 167; Albert
Barnes and the native ministry in Turkey,
168; Lord Lawrence on missions in India,
186; road building and oppression in Turkey,
188; to Lystra and Derbe, with engravings,
193 and 225 ; an appeal which should be heard,
196; Christian giving, 200; self-support in
Bassein, 202; exaggerated reports, 204; the
proper aim of missions — missionary courtesy,
220; David Zeisberger, 226; incomes of Brit-
ish societies, 246; letter from Mr. Coan, 251;
Joseph, the Gilbert Island translator, 252; tes-
timony to missionaries, 253; a Methodist con-
ference in India, 253; the Bible in Austria,
253 ; Cesarea, with engraving, 257 ; Dr.
Wood’s letter of resignation, 260; the gospel
and progress in Africa, 283; Romish and
Protestant missionaries in China, 284; old
palace, Madura, 289 ; questions of mission
policy, 290; appeal from Japan, 292; conver-
sion and death of Moshesh, 311; a Christian-
ized feast in Micronesia, 312; a generous gift,
313; the new work, 336, 348; Satara, with en-
gravings, 369; the new work of the Board,
370; the Waldenses of Italy, 379; the Morn-
ing Star, 394; timely help, 395.
Monthly concert — how to conduct it, 13.
Morning Star , The — letter to the children, 15, 60 ;
the launching, 70; the sailing, 106; at Hono-
lulu, 272; sailing from Honolulu, 365.
Moravian missions, 115 ; ditto in Thibet, 389.
Mosul — ordination at, 111; progress, 174.
Nicomedia station, 40; desiring the Scriptures,
40; call for an associate, 40.
North China mission, 9, 19, 47, 80, 113, 178 208,
242, 272, 297, 351, 385; annual survey, 9; the
prospect, 19, effort for new stations, 47, 81, 83,
113 ; indemnity, 80 ; executions, 80 ; interesting
case, 82; items, 83; new station — good pros-
pects at Yu-Cho, 113, 179, 352; first year in
China, 178 ; disturbance — good conduct of
Christians, 178 ; baptisms, 178 : work for
women, 178; new attitude of government,
208, 351; matters at Tientsin, 208, 352; mis-
sionary devotion, 209, 272 ; expedition to
Corla, 209; an inquirer — the Sabbath diffi-
culty, 209; heathen ceremonies, 210; baptism
at Kalgan — a helper beaten, 210; chronicles
of Yii-Cho, 242; skepticism — inquirers —
opium smokers, 272; return to the field — out-
look, 297 ; extract from mission report, 297 ;
New Testament in the spoken language, 351;
visits to Cho Cho, 352; the enlightening Spirit,
353; seed grain, 353; long tour to the south-
west, 354; a decayed Buddhist temple, 354;
truth widely scattered, 354; opium, 355; Co-
rean matters, 385; the flood at Tientsin, 386;
sad apostasy — ground for hope, 387.
Obituary notices — Miss Roseltha A. Norcross
53; Rev. H. S. Taylor, 132; Rev. W. F. Wil-
liams, 162; Miss Mary E. Reynolds, 247; Rev.
Marshall P. Sanders, 373; Rev. Thornton B.
Ojibwa mission — transfer of, 1.
Oodoopitty station, 44.
Oodooville station, 46.
Other societies and missions, 49, 114, 146, 179,
244, 273, 361, 388 ; incomes, 246.
Persia — mission to, 6, 69, 182; annual survey,
6; transferred, 69: self support, 182; interest
among Mohammedans, 183.
Presbyterian Board of Missions, 49, 182, 244.
Redwan, 78, 112.
Reformed (Dutch) Board of Missions, 362.
Samokov station, 37, 262; progress at Bansko,
Samsoon, 107, 108.
Sandwich Islands mission, 10, 152, 393; annual
survey, 10 ; various matters at the Islands, 152;
letter from Mr. Coan, 393.
Satara, with engravings, 369.
Seneca mission — transfer of. 1.
Sert, 110, 176.
Sivas -tation, 38, 145, 265 ; interest at Manjuluk,
38; church formed at Gurun — ordination, 39;
out-stations, 145; good news from Gurun —
school for girls wanted, 265; opposition, 265;
Derende — other places, 266.
Smyrna station, 106; work at Manissa, 106;
laborers few, 107.
South American Missionary Society, 146.
Southern Presbyterian Board of Missions, 274.
Summary of missions of the Board, 11.
Sungurlu, 170; ordination, 170.
Syria mission — transfer of, 1.
Turke}*, European mission, 4. 37, 146, 262, 360,
380; annual survey, 4; a call from Macedonia,
360 ; first church formed — first pastor ordained,
380; snow in summer — the Bible, 381. See
stations — Eski Zagra and Samokov.
Turkey, Western mission, 4, 22, 38, 73, 106,145,
170, 214, 265, 301, 357 ; annual survey, 4. See
stations — Smyrna, Manissa, Broosa, Nicome-
dia, Marsovan, Cesarea, and Sivas.
Turkey, Central mission, 5, 143, 172, 231, 381;
annual survey, 5; letter from Dr. Clark, 231;
preparation for the Spirit’s work, 382; injuri-
ous English efforts, 383. See stations — Ain-
tab, Marash, Antioch, and Adana.
Turke3 r , Eastern mission, 6, 21, 41, 74, 109, 141,
174, 213, 267, 355; annual survey, 6; tour in
Koordistan, 109. See stations -^THarpoot,
Erzroom, Bitll^TIhd Mardin.
United Presbyterian Church of North America
— its missions, 52; tfie mission in Egypt, 198.
United Presbyterian Church of Scotland, 275.
Van, 21, 213; the opening, 21 ; plans for occu-
Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society, 147.
Woman’s Board of missions — annual meeting,
53; receipts, 24, 55, 85, 119, 150, 185, 218. 249,
280, 309. 363, 392.
Woman’s Work, 23, 53, 83, 116, 150, 184, 216,
247, 277, 307, 363, 390 ; encouragement at Man-
dapasalai, 23; prayer-meetings at Harpoot, 24;
obituary notice of Miss Norcross, 53, 118; let-
ter from Miss Taylor, 83 ; labors in Ceylon, 85 ;
letter from Miss Parmelee, 117 ; openings in
Central Turkey, 118 ; a faithful laborer missed,
118; prospects at Madura, 150; letter from
Mrs. Coding, 184; journal of Mrs. Bruce, 216;
darkness and liglit, 217 ; letter from Mrs.
Harding, of Bombay, 277 ; two pages from
my journal — a contrast, by Mrs, Bruce, 278;
cheering report from Cesarea, 307 ; Mrs. Ed-
wards’ school — Zulus, 308; death of a pupil
at Oodoopitty, 309; Woman’s Board at Hono-
lulu, 309; girls’ boarding-school at Aintab,
390; Mrs. Chandler’s school at Madura, 391;
Bible-women at Ahmednuggur, 392.
Work in nominally Christian lands — action of
the Board, 336.
Yii-cho, 113, 179, 242, 352, 385, 387.
Zulu mission, 3, 72, 135, 244, 261, 306, 387 ; an-
nual survey, 3 ; boys' school, 72 ; Umbiana, 72 ;
ordination at Inanda, 135; moving onward,
136: death of a teacher, 244; letter from Mr.
Wilder — welcome reception — good effect of
absence — poverty of the people, 261; touring
— visits to chiefs, 306; itinerating, 387; meet-
ing of native Christians — liberality, 388 ; pros-
INDEX TO NAMES OF PERSONS.
The following Index contains the Names of the Missionaries and Assistant Missionaries whose communications
are inserted in this volume, and those about whom information is given.
Abbott, Amos, 7.
Abbott, Mrs., 7.
Abraham, Andrew, 4.
Abraham, Mrs., 4.
Adams, Lucien H., 5, 33, 97,
129, 144, 193, 225.
Adams, Mrs., 5.
Agnew, Miss Eliza, 8.
Alexander, W. P., 10.
Allen, 0. P., 6, 188.
Allen, Mrs., 6, 188.
Andrews, Miss Mary E., 8.
Andrus, Alpheus N., 6, 163, 175.
Andrus, Mrs., 6.
Atkinson, William H., 7, 140.
Atkinson, Mrs., 7.
Baker, Miss Isabella C., 6.
Baldwin, C. C., 9.
Baldwin, Mrs., 9.
Baldwin, Dwight, 10.
Baldwin, Theodore A., 4, 106,
Baldwin, Mrs., 4.
Ball, J. N., 1.
Ball, Mrs., 4.
Barnum, Henry S., 6, 213.
Barnum, Mrs., 6.
Barnum, Herman N., 6, 41,
162, 188, 247.
Barnum, Mrs., 6.
Barrows, John Otis, 4, 214, 257,
Barrows, Mrs., 4.
Bartlett, Lyman, 4, 170.
Bartlett, Mrs., 4.
Beach, Miss Minnie C., 4.
Bingham, Hiram, Jr., 10, 17,
Bingham, Mrs., 10, 365.
Bissell, Lemuel, 7, 176.
Bissell, Mrs., 7.
Bliss, E. K., 4.
Bliss, Mrs., 4.
Bliss, Miss Flavia L.,4.
Blodget, H., 9, 80, 83, 209, 272,
Blodget, Mrs., 9.
Bond, Elias, 10.
Bond, Lewis, 4, 118, 146.
Bond, Mrs., 4.
Bridgman, Mrs. E. J., 9.
Bridgman, Henry M., 3.
Bridgman, Mrs., *3.
Bruce, Henry J., 6, 140.
Bruce, Mrs. ,"6, 216, 278.
Burbank, Lvsander T., 6.
Burbank, Mrs., 6.
Burnell, T. S., 8, 365.
Burnell, Mrs., 8, 365.
Bush, Miss Caroline E., 6.
Bushnell, Albert, 1.
Capron, William B., 8, 80, 133,
Capron. Mrs., 8.
Chandler, J. E., 7, 42, 391.
Chandler, Mrs., 7, 391.
Chapin, Lyman Dwight, 9, 188,
Chapin, Mrs., 9, 188, 313.
Chapin, Miss Jane E., 188, 313.
Chester, Edward, 7.
Chester. Mrs., 7.
Clark, E. W., 10.
Clarke, James F., 4, 262, 365.
Clarke, Mrs., 4, 365.
| Clarke, Miss Ursula C., 4.
Closson, Miss Sarah A., 4.
Coan, G. W., 6.
Coan, Mrs., 6.
Coan, Titus, 104, 251, 393.
Cochran, J. G., 6, 182.
Cochran, Mrs., 6.
Coding, Mrs. J. L., 5, 184.
Cole, Koval M., 6, 74, 141, 267.
Cole, Mrs., 6.
Davis, Jerome D., 396.
Davis, Mrs., 396.
Day, Miss Laura A., 7, 28.
Dean, Miss N. J., 6.
De Rierner, Wm. E., 8, 45, 85.
De Kiemer, Mrs., 8.
Diament, Miss Naomi, 9.
Doane, E. T., 10, 18, 233, 282,
Doane, Mrs., 10, 253, 365.
Dole, Daniel, 10.
Dwight, H. O., 4.
Dwight, Mrs., 4.
Dwight, Miss Cornelia P., 124.
Edwards, Mrs. Mary K., 3, 308.
Ely, Miss Charlotte E., 6.
Ely, Miss Mary A. C., 6.
Fairbank, Samuel B., 7, 221,
Fairbank, Mrs., 7, 221, 365.
Farnsworth, W. A., 4, 29, 39.
Farnsworth, Mrs., 4.
Forbes, Anderson O., 10.
Fritcher, Miss Eliza, 4, 22.
Giles, Mrs. Elizabeth, 4.
, Goodrich, Chauncey, 9, 47, 113,
Goodrich, Mrs., 9.
Green, S. F., 8.
Green, Mrs., 8.
Greene, Daniel Crosby, 10, 205.
Greene, Mrs., 10.
Greene, Joseph K., 4, 189, 253.
Greene, Mrs., 4, 189, 253.
Griswold, Miss Ardelle Maria,
Grout, Aldin, 4.
Grout, Mrs., 4.
Gulick, Luther H., 347, 370.
Gulick, Oramel H., 10, 124,
206, 293, 349.
Gulick, Mrs., 10, 124.
Gulick, John T., 9, 347.
Gulick, Mrs., 9.
Gulick, William H., 370.
Hance, Miss Gertrude R., 4, 28.
Harding, Charles, 7, 211.
Harding, Mrs., 7, 277.
Hartley, Miss Carrie, 8.
Hartwell, Charles, 9, 383.
Hartwell, Mrs., 9.
Haskell, Henry C., 4, 54, 263.
Haskell, Mrs., 4, 53.
Hastings, E. P., 8.
Hastings, Mrs., 8.
Hazen, Allen, 7.
Hazen, Mrs., 7.
Hazen, Hervev C., 8.
Hazen, Mrs., 8.
Herrick, George F., 4, 43.
Herrick, Mrs., 4.
Herrick, James, 7, 133, 240.
Herrick, Mrs., 7.
Hillis, Miss Hester A., 8.
Hitchcock, Milan H., 4.
Hitchcock, Mrs., 4.
Holcombe, Chester, 9, 47, 81,
Holcombe, Mrs., 9.
Holcombe. Gilbert T., 9.
Hollister, Miss Mary G., 5.
Howland, W. W., 8.
Howland, Mrs., 8.
Hunt, P. R., 9.
Hunt, Mrs., 9.
Ireland, TV., 3, 244.
Ireland, Mrs., 3.
Knapp, George C., 6, 21, 143.
Knapp, Mrs., 6.
Labaree, Benjamin, Jr., 6, 21.
Labaree, Mrs., 6.
Lafromboise, Miss Julia A., 11.
Leonard, Julius Y., 4, 22, 107.
Leonard, Mrs., 4.
Lindley, Daniel, 3, 135.
Lindley, Mrs., 3.
Livingston, William W., 4,
Livingston, Mrs.. 4.
Lloyd, Mrs. Katharine, 4.
Locke, Edwin, 4, 37, 360.
Locke, Mrs., 4.
Lyman, D. B., 10.
Lyons, Lorenzo, 10, 152.
Maltbie, Miss Esther T., 4, 28,
Marden, Henry, 5.
Marden, Mrs., 5.
McCoy, Daniel C., 9.
McCoy, Mrs., 9.
Mellen, William, 3.
Mellen, Mrs., 3.
Montgomery, Giles F., 5.
Montgomery, Mrs., 5.
Morris, Willvs K., 11.
Morris, Mrs., 11.
Morse, Charles F., 4.
Morse, Mrs., 4.
Mumford, Mrs. Anna V., 365.
Norcross, Miss Roseltha A., 1,
29. 53, 118.
Noyes, J. T., 8, 43, 271, 347.
Noyes, Mrs., 8.
Nutting, David H., 5.
Nutting, Mrs., 5.
'Osgood, D. W., 9.
Osgood, Mrs., 9.
Page, Henry P., 4, 380.
Page,. Mrs., 4.
Palmer, Henry K., 7, 137, 270.
Palmer, Mrs., 7.
Paris, John D., 10, 153.
Park, Charles W., 7, 28.
Park, Mrs., 7, 28.
Parker, B. TV., 10.
Parmelee, Moses P., 6, 65, 161,
Parmelee, Mrs., 1, 284, 396.
Parpielee, Miss Olive L., 6, 117.
Parsons, J. W., 4, 40.
Parsons, Mrs., 4.
Patrick, Miss Mary M., 284,
Pavson, Miss Adelia M., 9, 299.
Peet, Lyman B., 9, 328.
Peet, Mrs., 9.
Penfield, Thornton B., 7, 365,
Penfield, Mrs., 7.
Perkins, Justin, 6.
Perkins, Mrs., 6.
Perry, Henry T., 5, 285, 381.
Perry, Mrs., 5, 285.
Pettibone, Ira F., 4.
Pierce, John E., 6, 113, 175,
Pierce, Mrs., 6.
Pierson, Isaac, 9, 28, 59, 352.
Pinkerton, Myron TV., 285.
Pinkerton, Mrs., 285.
Pixley, Stephen C., 3.
Pixley, Mrs., 3.
Pogue, John F., 10, 153.
Pollock, Miss Sarah, 7.
Pond, Edward R., 11.
Pond, Mrs., 11.
Pond, Theodore S., 6, 109, 174.
Pond, Airs., 6.
Porter, Miss Mary H., 9.
Powers, P. O., 5, 118, 143, 172.
Powers. Miss Harriet G., 5,
Pratt, A. T., 4.
Pratt, Mrs., 4.
Proctor, Miss Myra A., 5, 390.
Quick, James, 8.
Quick, Mrs., 8.
Rappleye, Miss Julia A., 4, 28.
Ravnolds, George C., 6, 112,
Raynolds, Airs., 6.
Rendall, John, 7. 43, 134, 383.
Rendall, Aliss Alary E., 8.
Revnolds, Aliss Alarv E., 221,
Rhea, Airs. Sarah J., 6.
I Rice, Aliss Alary S., 6.
! Richardson, Sandford, 4, 172.
Richardson, Airs., 4.
Riggs, Elias. 4.
Riggs, Airs., 4.
Riggs, Stephen R., 11, 71.
Riggs, Edward, 4, 38, 145.
Riggs, Airs., 4.
Riggs, Alfred L., 11.
Riggs, Airs., 11.
Robbins, Elijah, 3, 306, 387.
Robbins, Airs., 3.
Rood, David, 3.
Rood, Airs., 3.
Sanders, Al. D., 8, 188, 313,
Sanders, Airs., 8, 188, 313.
Schauffler, Henry A., 4, 247,
Schauffler, Airs., 4.
Schneider, B., 4, 73.
Schneider, Airs., 4.
Seymour, Aliss Hattie, 6.
Shearman, Aliss Julia A., 4, 28.
Shedd, John H.. 6.
Shedd, Airs.. 6.
Sheffield, D.' Z., 9, 20, 178.
Sheffield, Airs., 9.
Smith, James W., 10.
Smith' John F., 4, 109.
Smith, Airs., 4.
Smith, J. C., 8.
Smith, Airs., 8.
Smith, Thomas S., 188, 313.
Smith, Airs., 188, 313.
Smith, Lowell, 10.
Smith, Aliss Rosella A.. 7.
Snow, B. G., 10, 253, 272, 284.
Snow, Airs., 10, 253, 284.
Spaulding, Levi, 8.
Spaulding, Airs., 8.
Stanlev, Charles A., 9, 19, 80,
Stanley, Airs., 9.
Stone, S. B., 3, 328.
Stone, Airs., 3.
Sturges, A. A., 10, 253, 284,
Sturges, Airs., 10.
! Taylor, H. S., 7, 20, 23, 132.
Taylor, Airs., 7, 289.
Taylor, Aliss Alartha S., 7, 83.
Thayer, C. C., 5.
Thayer, Airs., 5.
i Thompson, Thomas W., 9, 113.
Thompson, Aliss Alary A., 9.
Townsbend, Aliss Harriet E., 8,
Tracy, William, 8, 79, 150, 269.
Tracy. Airs., 8.
i Tracey, Charles C., 4.
Tracy, Airs., 4.
Tracy, Aliss Rebecca D., 4.
Treat. Alfred O., 9, 47, 113,
179,' 208, 242, 352, 387.
Trowbridge, T. C., 5, 102, 168,
Trowbridge, Airs., 5.
Tyler, Josiah, 3, 72, 311, 347.
Tyler, Airs., 3.
' Van Duzee, Aliss Cvrene, 6.
I Van Norden, T. L.,*6.
Van Norden, Airs., 6.
Wadsworth, Aliss Alarv L., 189,
Walker, William, 1, 328.
Warfield, Aliss Alary E., 1.
Washburn, George* T., 7, 137,
Washburn, Airs., 7.
Wells, Spencer R., 7, 88.
I Wells, Airs., 7.
j West, Henry S., 4, 265.
West, Airs., 4.
West, Aliss Alaria A., 6.
Wheeler, Crosby H., 6, 77, 355.
Wheeler, Airs., 6, 24.
Whiting, Joseph L., 9.
| Whiting, Airs., 9.
Whitney, Joel F., 254, 284, 365.
j Whitney, Airs., 254, 284, 365.
j Wilder, H. A., 4, 28, 261.
Wilder, Airs., 4, 28.
Williams, TV. F., 6, 134, 162.
Williams, Airs., 6.
Williams, Aiark, 9, 19, 210. 385.
! Williams, Airs., 9.
Williams, Aliss Alary S., 124.
| Williamson, T. S., 11.
Williamson, Airs., 11.
j Williamson, Aliss Jane S., 11.
Williamson, John P. 11, 72,
j Williamson, Airs., 11.
Winsor, Richard, 7, 124.
TVinsor, Airs., 7, 324.
Wood, G. TV., 124, 260.
Wood, Airs., 124.
Wood, Aliss Sarah L., 5, 28.
Wood, William, 7, 369.
Wood, Airs., 7.
Woodin, Simeon F., 9, 347.
I Woodin, Airs., 9.
Vol. LXVIL— JANUARY, 1871. — No. I.
ANNUAL SURVEY OF THE MISSIONS OF THE BOARD.
The year 1870 will be remembered, in the history of foreign missions con-
ducted by American Christians, as the year in which the long-continued co-
operation of a large section of the Presbyterian body with the Congrega-
tionalists, in the prosecution of this work, was terminated in the case of many
individuals, by the reunion of the Old School and New School Presbyterian
churches ; and the year in which, because of this reunion, some missions of the
American Board were transferred to the care of the Presbyterian Board of
Missions. The missions thus already transferred are those to the Seneca and
Ojibwa Indians, to Syria, and the Gaboon. The last, however, has been, up
to this time, in the absence of Mr. Bushnell, in charge of Mr. Walker, whose
connection is still with the American Board. Most of the missionaries to Per-
sia, it is supposed, will soon be transferred also, but up to the time of preparing
this survey the change has not been made.
Some changes of the year among individual laborers should be mentioned
here. The venerable Dr. Perkins, the “ father ” of the Nestorian mission, hav-
ing returned to the United States to spend his declining days, found those days
few. He died on the 81st of December, 1869, but after the “ survey ” for that
year was in print. Mr. Ball, also, who had returned in feeble health from
Western Turkey, and three excellent and much prized women, Mrs. Parmelee
and Miss Warfield, of Eastern Turkey, and Miss Norcross, of European Turkey,
have been removed from earthly labors and cares. These are all the deaths
that are known to have occurred within the year, among the Board’s missionaries.
Three ordained laborers, with their wives, have been released from connection
with the Board, the health of the families not permitting a continuance of for-
eign service, namely, Messrs. Abbott, of the Mahratta mission, White of Madura,
and Quick of Ceylon. Only four new ordained missionaries have been sent to
the fields. Messrs. Park and Winsor to the Mahrattas, Pierson to North China,
and A. L. Riggs to the Dakota*. One male assistant, Mr. Morris, has also joined
the Dakota mission. The new women sent are fourteen, — Mrs. Park, Mrs.
Winsor, Mrs. Riggs, and Mrs. Morris ; Misses Hance and Day to the Zulus,
Misses Rappleye and Shearman to Western Turkey, Miss Bush to Eastern, Miss
VOL. LX VI r . " 1
2 Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board.
Wood to Central, and Miss Maltbie to European Turkey, Miss Rendall to Ma-
dura, Miss Hillis to Ceylon, and Miss Diament to Forth China. Of ihose who
were on a visit to this country a year ago, Mr. and Mrs. Wilder of the Zulu
mission, Mr. and Mrs. Leonard and Miss Fritcher of Western Turkey, Mr. and
Mrs. Tracy and Mr. Rendall of Madura, have returned to their several fields;
but others have found it necessary to come, for a time, to their native land.
For other purposes of this brief notice, some of the statements made in the
General Survey of the Missions presented at the annual meeting of the Board
at Brooklyn, may be given in a condensed form. In a review of the year, en-
couragement is found mainly in three directions, — the development and train-
ing of an efficient native ministry ; the success which has attended efforts to
reach the women in the different mission fields ; and the healthful growth of the
native churches, in numbers, independence, and a sense of responsibility for the
progress of the gospel.
Including the missions which, near the close of the year, were transferred to
the Presbyterian Board, the whole number of native laborers in connection with
the different missions the past year was 1,095, an increase of over a hundred
upon the previous year. Of these, 119 are pastors, and 327 preachers; the re-
mainder teachers, eolporters, and Bible-readers ; but all educated in the various
schools and seminaries, and, in point of education and character, holding about
the same relative position to the people among whom they labor that similar
classes do at home.
Forty-five young men completed their theological studies, — seven at Wailuku
in the Hawaiian Islands, nine in the Madura mission, seven in Ceylon, and
twenty-two at Harpoot. The number now in mission training-schools and
seminaries, looking forward to the work of the ministry, is nearly if not quite
equal to that in theological seminaries belonging to the constituency of the Board
at home. The object in these institutions is, primarily, to raise up able expound-
ers of Bible truth, and faithful pastors. Some of the graduates of the semina-
ries in India and Ceylon, as well as in Western Asia, have a high reputation
among the missionaries as scholars and thinkers, and are often called to aid in
the translation of the Scriptures, and in other literary labors; while many are
highly esteemed as orators, and as earnest, effective preachers of the gospel.
Some time must be allowed to educate men wlio have all their lives been
subject to the bondage of political and priestly power, to the wise conduct of
their own ecclesiastical affairs. The results, however, thus far, of efforts in this
direction in our mission fields, have exceeded the most sanguine hopes. The
Evangelical Association in the Hawaiian Islands, the Evangelical Unions in the
Armenian missions, in India and Ceylon, have shown a practical good sense
and an ability that would do honor to older bodies in this country, and amply
justify the missionaries in passing over to them, at the earliest practical mo-
ment, the entire responsibility for what may be termed the home w T ork of the
native churches. The presence of the missionary will for a time be required,
not for the exercise of authority, but of love and wise counsel, for the sake of
that practical wisdom that becomes a part of the common sense of those reared
amid free Christian institutions. But a native agency, well educated and guided
by wise counsels, is our great reliance, next to the Spirit of God, for the success
of the mission work.
187 L] Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board. 3
The addition of 1,580 members during the year, to the mission churches
(numbering 238, with 24,142 members when the year closed for which the mis-
sions reported), and the increase of native pastors from 106 to 119, are facts to
be noticed with gratitude. Of not less moment to the progress of the mission
work has been the general advance in the direction of independence and self-
support. The sixty- nine churches in the Armenian missions have raised their
contributions for Christian objects over twenty- five per cent. — from fifteen
to nineteen thousand dollars. More than a third of these churches are self-
supporting, and all bear a part of their own expenses. An advance of forty
per cent, upon the contributions of the previous year was made by the native
churches in the Madura and Ceylon missions. In the Foochow and Zulu mis-
sions, a beginning in the right direction has been made. The fifty-eight Hawai-
ian churches support their own ministry, build their own houses of worship,
sustain mission labor among the Chinese immigrants, and contribute liberally
for the work in Micronesia and the Marquesas Islands. The entire amount
contributed by the native Christian communities, not including much free labor
in school and church building, is about sixty thousand dollars in gold, or one
sixth of the sum contributed for foreign missions by all the churches acting
through the American Board.
It has been the practice of the Board, from the first, to send out single ladies
wherever they could be employed to advantage, and within the last few years
the way has been opened for direct missionary labor in behalf of women, as
never before; and the number of single ladies in the field has been increased,
so that now there are more than forty. The seventeen boarding-schools for
girls in the missions still connected with the Board, all but two in charge of
single ladies, assisted by native teachers, contain over five hundred pupils. And
while the wisest economy of missionary funds and labor may limit the work of
our female missionaries largely to the training of native laborers, much is now
done by them, both the single and married, in visiting from house to house, in
holding meetings for prayer and instruction, and in the superintendence of native
Bible-women. On the whole, prospects were never more cheering had we fit
men, in sufficient numbers, to follow up the advantages gained. Ten men are
needed at once, in as many different fields, in theological schools; and-three
times as many could find instant designation, to strengthen the hands of over-
taxed brethren at old stations, and to enter upon new and inviting fields, such
as belong to the healthful growth of the work.
(Southeastern Africa, near Port Natal.)
Umzumbi (Oom-zoom'-by. — About 80 miles S. W.
of Port Natal). — Elijah Robbins, llenry M. Bridgman,
Missionaries ; Mrs. Addie B. Robbins, Mrs. Laura B.
Bridgman. — Rufus Anderson, native pastor; one na-
Umtwalumi (Oom - twah -loo / - my. — About 70 miles
S. W. of Port Natal). — Three native preachers and
Ifafa (Ee-fah'-fah — About 60 miles S. W. of Port
Natal). — Seth B. Stone, Missionary ; Mrs. Catharine
M. Stone. — One native preacher and one teacher.
Amahlongwa (Ah-mah-thlong'-wah. — About 43
miles S. W. of Port Natal). — One native preacher.
Ifumi (Ee-foo'-my. — About 35 miles S. W. of Port
Natal). — Usingapanzi, native pastor, and one teacher.
Amanzimtote (Ah - mahn - zeem-to ty. — About 22
miles S. W. of Port Natal). — David Rood, William
Ireland, Stephen 0. Pixley, Missionaries; Mrs. Alzina
V. Rood, Mrs. R. Oriana Ireland, Mrs. Louisa Pixley.
— Two preachers and two teachers.
Inanda (Ee-nahn'-dah. — About 20 miles N. W. of
Port Natal). — Daniel Lindley, Missionary; Mrs. Lucy
A. Lindley, Mrs. Mary K. Edwards. — Three preach-
ers and one teacher.
Umsunduzi (Oom - soon - doo ' -zy. — About 30 miles
W. of N. from Port Natal). — William Mellen, Mis-
sionary ; Mrs. Laurana W. Mellen. — One teacher.
Esidumbini (A-see-doom-bee'-ny. — About 40 miles
W. of N. from Port Natal). — Josiah Tyler, Mission-
ary ; Mrs. Susan W. T^ ler. — One teacher.
4 Annual Survey of the
Umvoti (Oom-vo'-ty. — About 40 miles N. N. E.
of Port Natal). — Five teachers.
Mapcmulo (Mah-poo-moo'-lo. — About 55 miles N.
of Port Natal). — Andrew Abraham, Missionary ; Mrs.
Sarah L. Abraham.
Missions of the Board. [January,
In this Country. — Aldin Grout, Missionary ; Mrs.
Charlotte B. Grout.
Station not reported. — Hyman A. TFilder. Mission-
ary ; Mrs. Abby T. Wilder, Miss Laura A. Day, Miss
Gertrude R. Hance.
Mr. and Mrs. Wilder sailed from New York in July last, on their return
to the field, and were accompanied by Misses Day and Hance, new laborers.
Mrs. Lloyd is married to a son of Mr. Lindley, and has removed beyond the
limits of the mission field, but hopes still to do much, as heretofore, for the edu-
cation and elevation of the people. Mr. Grout, after thirty-five years of earnest
labor in connection with this mission, too feeble to continue his labors, has re-
turned to the United States.
The present state of the churches in this field is in some respects trying to
the missionaries, but cheering progress has been made of late in the direction
of a native pastorate and self-support. Two natives were ordained as pastors
in May and June last; and, in connection with the seminaries, more effort is to
be made to raise up men and women fitted for Christian work. Twenty-eight
members were added to the churches during the last year reported, making the
whole number of members 493 at the close of the year. Some have been added
since, and one new church has been organized, making 12. Tiie two semina-
ries have been in a very satisfactory condiiion, that for males having 35 and that
for females 24 pupils. There are 18 common schools, with 483 pupils.
EUROPEAN TURKEY AND WEST-
WESTERN TURKEY. (1826.)
Constantinople. — Literary Department fcrr the
four Turkey Missions: Elias Riggs, D. D , Edwin E.
Bliss, D. D., Andrew T. Pratt, M. 1) , Missionaries ;
Mrs. Martha J. Riggs, Mrs. Isabella H. Bliss, Mrs. Sa-
rah F. Pratt. General Missionary Work: I. Fayette
Pettibone, Milan H. Hitchcock, Missionaries; Mr. H.
0. Dwight, Secular Agent; Mrs. Lucy A. Hitchcock,
Mrs. Mary A. Dwight, Miss Julia A. Rappleye. — One
native pastor, two teachers, and two other helpers.
Smtrna (About 200 miles S. W. of Constantino-
ple). — Theodore A. Baldwin, Missionary ; Mrs. Matil-
da J. Baldwin. — One school teacher.
Broo'sa (57 miles S. S. E. of Constantinople). —
Benjamin Schneider, D. D., Sanford Richardson, Mis-
sionaries ; Mrs. Susan M. Schneider, Mrs. Rhoda Ann
Richardson, Miss Ursula C. Clarke. — One pastor and
Nicome'dia (55 miles E. S. E. of Constantinople). —
Justin W. Parsons, Missionary ; Mrs. Catherine Par-
aons . — One licensed preacher, one teacher, and one
Marsovan (Mar-so-vahnC — About 350 miles E. of
Constantinople). — J ulius Y. Leonard, John F. Smith,
Charles 0. Tracy, George F. Herrick, Missionaries:
Mrs. Amelia A. Leonard, Mrs. Laura Elizabeth Smith,
Mrs. L. A. Tracy, Mrs. Helen M. Herrick, Miss Eliza
Fritcher, Miss Flavia S. Bliss. — Four teachers and one
Cesare'a (370 miles E. S. E. of Constantinople).
Wilson A. Farnsworth, Lyman Bartlett, John O.
BaTrows, Missionaries ; Mrs. Caroline E. Farnsworth,
Mrs. Cornelia C. Bartlett, Mrs. Elizabeth Giles, Mrs.
Clara S. Barrows, Miss Sarah A. Closson, Miss Ardelle
M. Griswold. — One pastor and two teachers.
Sivas (Se-vahs'. — 400 miles S. of E. from Con-
stantinople). - — Edward Riggs, Missionary ; Henry S.
West, M.D., Missionary Pnysician ; Mrs. Sarah H.
Riggs, Mrs. Lottie M. West. — One licensed preacher,
two teachers, and one other helper.
On the way to Turkey. — Miss Julia A. Shearman.
In this Country. — Joseph K. Greene, William W.
Livingston, Henry A. Schauffler, Missionaries ; Mrs.
Elizabeth A. Greene, Mrs. Martha E. Livingston, Mrs.
Martha A. Ball, Mrs. Clara E. Schauffler.
EUROPEAN TURKEY. (1858 )
Adriano'ple (137 miles W. N. W. of Constantino-
ple). — Vacant. — One licensed preacher and one
Eski Zagra (Ks-kee-Zagh'-rah. — 200 miles N. W. of
Constantinople^. — Lewis Bond, Jr., Missionary ; Mrs.
Fannie G. Bond, Miss H sther T. Maltbie. — Two teach-
ers and three other helpers.
Philippopolis (Phil-ip-po / -po-lis. — 225 miles W. N.
W. of Constantinople). — Henry C. Ha>kell, Mission-
ary ; Mrs. Margaret B. Haskell, Miss Miunie C. Beach.
— One teacher, and four other helpers.
Samokov (300 miles W. N. W. of Constantinople). —
W. Edwin Locke, Henry P. Page, Missionaries ; Mrs.
Zoe A. M. Locke, Mrs. Mary A. Page. — One licensed
preacher and two helpers.
In this Country. — Charles F Morse, James F. Clarke,
Missionaries ; Mrs. Eliza D. Morse, Mrs. Isabella G.
As the Western Turkey mission and the mission to European Turkey were
one during a portion of the past year, and when the last statistics were forwarded,
they may be noticed here together.
Some changes have occurred among the laborers. Mr. and Mrs. Leonard
and Miss Fritcher have returned, with restored health, to Marsovan ; Miss Tracy
Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board.
has married and left the mission work; Messrs. Herrick and Baldwin have re-
moved from Constantinople to other stations ; Misses Rappleye and Maltbie
sailed for the field in October,. — the first for Constantinople, the last for Eski
Zagra, — and Miss Shearman in December. Intelligence of the death of Miss
Norcross, of Eski Zagra, has just been received.
The embarrassments of missionaries at Constantinople have still been great,
the Vlanga church has been rent by difficulties, and the whole Protestant com-
munity agitated ; but there is reason to hope that a better state of feeling is
returning. At some other stations, especially at Marsovan, the year has been
one of much encouragement. Statistical returns show, in the two missions,
21 churches, 876 members, — 81 received during the year, — 9 pastors, and 16
licensed preachers. There are 67 preaching places, the average Sabbath con-
gregations number 2,849, the registered Protestant community, 4,472, and
common-schools 45, with 1,266 pupils. There are 69 pupils in theological and
training schools, and 64 in female boarding-schools.
The printing for the year, in six languages (including English) amounted
to almost eleven millions of pages. The printing in the Armenian and the
Armeno-Turkish languages has been, for 6ome years, under the supervision of
CENTRAL TURKEY. (1847.)
(Around the northeast corner of the Mediterranean.)
Atntab (IneOab. — About 90 miles E. N. E. from
Scanderoon). — Henry Marden, Missionary ; Mrs. Mary
L. Marden, Miss Myra A. I’roctor, Miss Mary G. Hol-
lister. — Native pastors, 1st church, Baron Simon, 2d
church, Baron Kriknre. — Six teachers. — Eight out-
stations with one pastor. — Baron Boghos Kalfour, at
Hassan Beyli ; four licensed preachers and six teach-
Marash (Mah-rahsh 7 . — About 90 miles N. E. from
Scanderoon). — Giles F. Montgomery, T. C. Trow-
bridge, Henry T. Perry, Missionaries ; Mrs. Emily R.
Montgomery, Mrs. Margaret Trowbridge, Mrs. Jennie
H. Perry, Mrs. . 1 . L. Coding. — Native pastors. 1st
church, Baron Murad, 2d church, Baron Avedis. —
One licensed preacher and six teachers. — Five out-
etations, with one pastor — Baron Sarkis, at Albustan
— and three teachers.
Oor'fa (About 180 miles N. of E. from Scander-
oon. — (In charge of missionaries at other stations.)
— Baron Tomas, acting pastor. — Four teachers and
one other helper. — Four out-stations, with two pas-
tors ; Baron Garabet, acting pastor, at Severek ; Ba-
rou Kevork, pastor, at Adyaman. — Three licensed
preachers and four teachers.
Alf.p'po (About 90 miles S. E. of Scanderoon). —
David H. Nutting, M. D., Missionary Physician; Mrs.
Mary E. Nutting. — Pastor, Baron Sarkis ; one teacher.
An'tioch (30 miles south of Scanderoon). — P. 0.
Powers, C. C. Thayer, Missionaries ; Mrs. Mary F.
Thayer, Miss Harriet G. Powers, Miss Sarah L. Wood.
— Baron llarootune, pastor ; one teacher. — Two out-
stations, with two licensed preachers and four teach-
Adana (Ah'-da-nah. — About 70 miles N. W. of
Scanderoon). — Lucien H. Adams, Missionary ; Mrs.
Nancy D. Adams. — Baron Garabet. pastor ; two teach-
ers. — Out-station, — Tarsus. Baron Haches, pastor ;
In this field, as a whole, at some of the stations more especially, the year has
been one of much prosperity and encouragement. “ The relation between the
missionaries and the native pastors and preachers has been, in the fullest sense,
one of mutual cooperation. In the Aintab and Oorfa fields, extending through
a territory two hundred miles in length by fifty in breadth, with 17 congrega-
tions and 12 organized churches, the whole native agency (5 pastors, 7 licensed
preachers, 20 teachers, and one other helper) is more than half supported by
native contributions. The 22 churches of the mission number 1,614 members,
of whom 147 were added during the year. There are 34 preaching places, with
aggregate average congregations numbering 4,728; the number of registered
Protestants is 7,543; native pastors 12, and licensed preachers 10; common-
schools 41, with 1.341 pupils; 33 pupils in theological schools and classes, and
31 in the Aintab female boarding-school. u The work among the women, for
which more single ladies are asked from the United States, is bearing rich fruit
in the establishment of Christian homes.” Miss Sarah L. Wood sailed in Octo-
ber, to join the Antioch station.
Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board,
(1835, at Trebizond.)
Bitlis / (Near Lake Tan, about 150 miles E. N.
E. of Diarbekir). — George C. Knapp, Missionary;
Mrs. Alzina M. Knapp, Miss Charlotte E. Ely, Miss
Mary A. C. Ely. — Pa-tor, Simon ; seven teach-
ers. — Out-stations, three licensed preachers, thirteen
teachers, and five other helpers.
Erzroom' (150 miles S. E. of Trebizond). — Royal
M. Cole, John E. Pierce, Missionaries ; Mrs. Lizzie
Cole, Mrs. Lizzie A. Pierce, Miss Cyrene 0. Van Du-
zee. — One licensed preacher, two teachers. — Out-
stations. Trebizond , Pastor, Hagop Felician ; one
teacher. Ckevnmeh , Pastor, Harobtune Muradian;
one teacher. — At other places, three licensed preach-
ers, nine teachers, and two other helpers.
Harpoot (Har-poot, guttural II. — About 175 miles
S. of Trebizond). — Crosby H. Wheeler, Herman N.
Barnurn, Henry S. Barnum, Missionaries ; George C.
Raynolds, M. D.. Missionary Physician; Mrs. Susan
A. Wheeler, Mrs. Mary E. Barnum, Mrs. Helen P. Bar-
num, Mrs. Martha E. Raynolds, Miss Hattie Seymour,
Miss Caroline E Bush. — Pastor, Mardiros Shimavo-
niah ; seven teachers and one helper. — Out stations,
seventy -eight ; fifteen pastors, seventeen licensed
preachers, thirty-two teachers, and fifty other helpers.
Mardin'. — W. F. Williams, Alpheus N. Andrus,
Theodore S. Pond, Missionaries ; Mrs. Clarissa C. Wil-
liams, Mrs. Louisa M. Andrus, Mrs. Julia II. Pond,
Miss Olive L. Parmelee, Miss Isabella C. Baker. — Pas-
tor, Georgias Hadaia ; two teachers. — Out-stations.
Sert , Elias Sahado ; one teacher and one helper. Diar-
bekir, pastor, Tomas Boajian ; one licensed preacher
and four teachers. Cutterbul, pastor, Abd un Noor ;
one teacher. — At other places, five licensed preachers,
one teacher, and four other helpers.
In this Country. — Orson P. Allen, L. T. Burbank,
M. P. Parmelee, Missionaries : Mrs. Caroline R. Allen,
Mrs. Sarah S. Burbank, Miss Maria A. West.
This mission has been much afflicted by the death of Miss Warfield and Mrs.
Parmelee. Miss Bush has gone out to Harpoot to take the place made vacant
by the death of the former.
In this field the last year was one of enlargement and progress. Twenty-
three new positions were taken as out-stations (making 126) ; 3 churches were
organized (making 26) ; and 3 pastors ordained (making 23) ; the licensed
preachers were increased from 16 to 30, by the licensures of graduates from the
Harpoot Theological Seminary ; the number of native teachers rose from 52 to
81, and of other helpers from 69 to 70. One hundred and thirty-six new mem-
bers were received into the churches, being an increase of eighteen per cent.,
and making a total membership of 863. The average attendance on preaching
has grown from 4,074 to 5,203, and the number receiving instruction in Sabbath-
schools, from 2,620 to 3,285.
The pastors and churches are gaining in experience, and the institutions of
the gospel are rising, apparently, upon solid and broad foundations. Tfe num-
ber of registered Protestants is now 6,076. The theological school at Harpoot
has 39 pupils, and there are more than 30 in classes at other stations. The
female seminary at Harpoot has 51 pupils, and the labors of lady teachers
at Bitlis, Erzroom, and Mardin are highly appreciated. At Mardin, in the
Arabic-speaking portion of the field, buildings have been erected for a theolog-
ical and a female school.
MISSION TO PERSIA. (1834.)
Oroomiah (O-roo'-tne-ah. — Near Lake Oroomiah). —
George W. Coan, Benjamin Labaree, Jr., Missionaries ;
Thomas L. Van Norden, M. D., Missionary Physician ;
Mrs. S. P. Coan, Mrs. Elizabeth W. Labaree, Mrs.
Mary M. Van Norden, Miss N. Jennie Dean. — Two
native preachers, two teachers, and two other helpers.
Seir (Seer. — Near Oroomiah). — Joseph G. Coch-
ran, Missionary. — One native preacher , one teacher,
and one other helper.
In this Country. — John H. Shedd, Missionary ;
Mrs. C. B. Perkins, Mrs. Sarah J. Rhea, Mrs. D. B.
Cochran, Mrs. Sarah J. Shedd, Miss Mary Susan Rice,
Miss Mary Cochran.
The venerable founder of this mission, Dr. Perkins, died on the last day
of December, 1869. The field now embraced in the mission, including a wide
extent of territory in Koordistan, “stretches from Hamadan, on the south, to
Tabreez, on the north, and from the waters of the Caspian, on the east, to the
plains of the Tigris, on the west.” The number of laborers is felt to be quite
too small for such a field and work. A ritualistic movement, under the lead of
Priest John, has wrought evil at Geogtapa, dividing the church and congrega-
tion ; but the movement does not seem to be extending, and may result in the
fuller establishment of true Christians in correct views. “ Efforts to bring the
Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board.
Armenians of Persia under the benign influences of a pure Christianity are re-
paid with hopeful signs, and in some sections there is found “ an unprecedented
degree of interest among Mussulmans in listening to Christians on religious
questions.” The movement at and around Hamadan, which has been reported
in the Herald, is of much promise.
Bombay (Bom bay'). — Charles Harding, Mission-
ary; Mrs. Elizabeth D. Harding. — Vishnu Bhaskar
Karmarkar, native pastor; one catechist.
Ahmednuggur (Ah-med-nug'-ur. — About 140 miles
E. of Bombay). — Lemuel Bissell, S. R. Wells, Charles
W. Park, Missionaries ; Mrs. Mary E. Bissell, Mrs.
Mary L. Wells, Mrs. Anna Maria Park. — R. V. Modak,
acting pastor; Sidoba B. Misal, pastor at Seroor;
Gangaram Washchaware, pastor at Kolgaw ; twenty
helpers at station and out-stations.
Rahoori (Rah-hoo'-ree. — About 25 miles N. W. of
Ahmednuggur). — Henry J. Bruce, Missionary ; Mrs.
Hepzibeth P. Bruce. — Waniram Ohol, Vithu Bh&mbal,
Jayaram Berase. native pastors ; twelve helpers at sta-
tion and out-stations.
Khokar ( Kho'-kur. — About 35 miles N. of Ahmed-
nuggur.) — (In charge of Mr. Bruce). — Kasam Mah-
amadji, Say&ji Sawairitwad, native pastors ; nine help-
Wadale (WQd-ab'-ly — About 25 miles N. E. of
Ahmednuggur). — William II. Atkinson, Missionary;
Mrs. Calista Atkinson. — Lakshman M. Snlave, Mahi-
pati Anakaipagar, Hariba D. Gaiakwad, pastors; thir-
Satara (Sat-tah'-rah. — About 120 miles S. E. of
Bombay). — William Wood, Missionary; Mrs. Eliza-
beth P. Wood. — One licensed preacher and six help-
Sholapoor (Sho-lah-poor'. — About 125 miles S. E.
of Ahmednuggur). — Allen Hazen , Missionary ; Mrs.
Martha R. Hazen. — One licensed preacher and four
In this Country. — Samuel B. Fairbank, Mission-
ary; Mrs. Mary B. Fairbank.
On the way to India. — Richard Winsor, Mrs. Mary
Out - Stations. — Connected with Ahmednuggur,
seven ; Rahoori , ten ; Khokar , seven ; Wadale, eleven ;
Sholapoor , two ; Satara, four.
Mr. and Mrs. Abbott have been released from their connection with the
Board ; Mr. and Mrs. Park, new laborers, sailed for the field August 3, and
Mr. and Mrs. Winsor, October 19. The 22 churches number 677 members,
53 having been added by profession within the year. With reference to self-
support by the churches the year has been a trying one, prices of grain and
other necessaries of life having been very high, but there has been no falling
off in contributions, the sum paid by churches being 1,651 rupees. There has
been less itinerating work than in some previous years, owing to the reduced
number of laborers on the ground, but native laborers in the Rahoori and Pim-
plus districts preached 4,562 times, to audiences numbering in the aggregate
64,643 ; and assistants at Satara report having preached the word to more than
17,000 persons. Several women have been employed to read the Scriptures to
and converse with their countrywomen,
six persons has commenced a course of
of the Christian ministry. The girls’
MADURA MISSION. (1S34.)
Madura (Mad'-u-rah. —270 miles S. W. of Madras).
— John E. Chandler, Missionary ; Henry K. Palmer,
M.D., Physician; Mrs. Charlotte H. Chandler, Mrs.
Flora D. Palmer, Miss Rosella A. Smith. — A. G. Row-
land, K. Williams, native pastors ; eight catechists, two
readers, two teachers in boarding-school, eleven school-
masters, and three school-mistresses.
with encouraging prospects. A class of
study designed to fit them for the work
school at Ahmednuggur has about 60
va-num. — 12 miles S. E. of Madura). — Thornton B.
Penfield, Missionary ; Mrs. Charlotte E. Penfield. —
Five catechists and four school-masters.
Mandapasalai (Mun'-dah-pah-sah'-lie. — 40 miles
S. S. E. of Madura). — Horace S. Taylor, Missionary ;
Mrs. Martha S. Taylor, Miss Martha S. Taylor, Miss
Sarah Pollock. — D. Christian, native pastor; twenty-
one catechists, one reader, two teachers in girls’
boarding-school, six school-masters, and five school-
Dindigul (Din'-de-gul. — 38 miles N. N. W. of Ma-
dura). — Edward Chester, Missionary ; Mrs. Sophia
Chester. — A. Savarimuttu, native pastor ; twelve cate-
chists, five readers, twenty -one school-masters, and
Tirumangalam (Te'-roo-mun'-ga-lum, or Tir'-u-
mun' - ga - lum. — 12 miles S W. of Madura). — (In
charge of Mr. Herrick). — G. Vathanayagum, native
pastor ; sixteen catechists, six school-masters, and two
Tirupuvanam (Te'-roo-poo'-va-num, or Tir'-u-pu'-
Melur (Mail'-oor. — 18 miles N. E. of Madura). —
(In charge of Mr. Penfield). — Six catechists, two
school-masters, and three school-mistresses.
Periakulam (Per'-i-ah-koo'-lum. — 45 miles W. N.
W. of Madura). — (In charge of Mr. Noyes.) — Six
catechists, one reader, one school-master, and three
Battalagundu (Bat'-ta-la-goon'-doo, or Bat'-tah-
lah-gun'-du. — 32 miles N. W. of Madura). — George
T. Washburn, John Rendall, Missionaries ; Mrs. Eliza-
Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board.
beth E. Washburn, Miss Mary E. Rendall. — Eight
catechists, six school-masters, and two school-mis-
Mana Madura (Mah / -nah-Mad / -u-rah. — 30 miles
S. E. of Madura). — William B. Capron, Missionary ;
Mrs. Sarah B. Capron. — One catechist, three school-
masters, and one school-mistress.
Pulney (PuP-ney. — 70 miles N. AY. of Madura). —
(In charge of Mr. Washburn). — Eleven catechists,
five school-masfers, and four school-mistresses.
Sivagcxga (Siv'-a-gun-gah. — 25 miles S. of E.
from Madura). — (In charge of Mr. Capron.) — Two
Pasumalai (Pahs'-u-mah-lie. — 3 miles S. W. of
Madura). — James Herrick, Missionary; Mrs. Eliza-
beth H. Herrick, Miss Carrie Hartley. — Two cate-
chists, three teachers in the Seminary, and one school-
Kambam (Kum'-bum. — 80 miles W. S. W. of Ma-
dura). — Joseph T. Noyes, Missionary ; Mrs. Elizabeth
A. Noyes. — E. Seymour, A. Savarimuttu, native pas-
tors ; twenty-one catechists, three readers, thirteen
school-masters, and eight school-mistresses.
Station not reported. — William Tracy, Mission-
ary; Mrs. Emily F. Tracy.
In this Country. — Thomas S. Burnell, H. C. Hazen,
Missionaries ; Mrs. Martha Burnell, Mrs. Ida J. Ha-
Mr. and Mrs. White, from this mission, have been released from their con-
nection with the Board. The work of the mission has been much as here-
tofore, but with increased and encouraging effort among women, by Miss
Pollock especially, with changes in the Seminary, designed to make it more
strictly a theological institution, and corresponding changes in the girls’ board-
ing-school at Madura. These changes, the formation of a native ecclesias-
tical body, — the “Madura Church Union,” — composed of pastors and dele-
gates, by whom tAvo or three pastors have already been installed, and the in-
crease of contributions by the native Christians, for the support of pastors, cate-
chists, and teachers, and for the purchase of books, are all pleasing indications
of progress, as well as signs of promise for the future. The churches are 31;
members in good standing, 1,372; added by profession during the year, 79;
contributions, 2,926 rupees ($1,463); native pastors, 6; catechists, 119; com-
mon-schools, 102, with 1,972 pupils. The seminary reports 38 pupils, the
Madura girls’ boarding-school 53, and several “station-schools” 138. In the
itinerating work of the year, missionaries Avere employed for a total of 126 days,
and native helpers 1,103 days. More than 70,000 hearers were addressed with
CEYLON MISSION. (1816.)
(District of Jaffna, North Ceylon.)
Bat'ticotta. — William E. De Riemer. Missionary ,
Mrs. Emily F. De Riemer, Miss Hester A. Hillis. — Ben-
jamin H. Rice, native pastor; two licensed preachers,
two catechists, three teachers for training and theolog-
ical school, nine school-teachers, and four helpers.
Pan'diteripo. — Two catechists, five school-teach-
Tn/ lip ally. — William W. Howland, Missionary;
Mrs. Susan R. Howland. — Augustus Anketell, native
pastor; one catechist, six school-teachers, and one
Oo'dooville. — Levi Spaulding. D. D., Missionary ;
Mrs. Mary C. Spaulding, Miss Eliza Agnew. — Oue
licensed preacher, two catechists, four teachers for
boarding-school, ten school-teachers, and one helper.
Manepy (Man'-e-pai). — Samuel F. Green, M. D.,
Missionary Physician ; Mrs. Margaret AY. Green. —
One catechist, two teachers of medical class, four
school-teachers, and two helpers.
Chav'agacherry. — Thomas P. Runt, native pastor ;
two catechists, four school-teachers, and one helper.
Oo'doopitty. — John C. Smith, Missionary ; Mrs.
Mary C. Smith, Miss Harriet E. Townshend. — D.
Stickney, ordained native preacher ; two catechists, one
teacher in girls’ boarding-school, four school-teachers,
and one helper.
In this Country. — Eurotas P. Hastings, Marshall
D. Sanders, Missionaries ; Mrs. Anna Hastings, Mrs.
Caroline Z. Sanders.
Few changes have occurred in this field. Mr. and Mrs. Quick, in this coun-
try a year ago, have been released from their connection with the Board. Miss
Hillis has gone out to join the mission, with special reference to labors among
women. Thirty-eight persons were received to the ten churches, making a
present total of 530 members. There are now four native pastors of churches,
one other ordained and three licensed preachers, and “a majority cf the native
preachers and catechists [of whom there are twenty] have charge of regular
Sabbath services, at stations and out-stations, and thus have the duties of pas-
tors and preachers, though not appointed to the office.” “ The village work has
Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board.
been carried on during the year principally by the native assistants, gathered
into companies of six or eight, and going two by two through a village, day
after day, carrying the message of salvation to every house, and gathering meet-
ings in the afternoon or evening.” Tn such evangelistic labors, and in efforts for
Bible distribution, more than 11,000 houses were visited within the year. The
educational work is much as heretofore. The theological and training-school
had but 18 pupils at the close of the year, the Oodooville boarding-school 53,
and the Oodoopitty school 26. The common-schools are 59, with 2,105 pupils.
FOOCHOW MISSION. (1847.)
Foochow (Foo-chow'). — City Station , Charles
Hartwell, Missionary ; D. W. Osgood. M. D., Mis-
sionary Physician; Mrs. Lucy E. Hartwell, Mrs.
Helen W. Osgood. — Two native preachers and one
Nantai (Nan-ty'). — Lyman B. Feet, Calph C. Bald-
win, Missionaries ; Mrs. H. L. Peet, Mrs. Harriet F.
Baldwin, Miss Adelia M. Payson. — Two native
preachers and two teachers.
In this Country. — Simeon F.Woodin, Missionary;
Mrs. Sarah L. Woodin.
The work of this mission has gone forward much as heretofore. One new
out-station has been occupied, making ten in all. At one of the out-stations
there has been special religious interest, and in all 22 members were added
to the seven churches by profession, making a present total of 136 members.
There were 14 pupils in the training-school, and 18 in the girls’ boarding-
school, in charge of Mrs. Baldwin and Miss Payson. The common-schools are
but two, with 30 pupils. Mrs. Hartwell finds some encouragement in her spe-
cial efforts among women. The mission church was burned, in connection with
an extensive fire in February, but a subscription was at once started among
foreigners in Foochow for rebuilding, and the mission will rebuild upon the
(At Shanghai, 1854 ; Tientsin, 1860.)
Tientsin (Te-en-tseen 7 . — 80miles S.E. of Peking).
— Charles A. Stanley, Joseph L. Whiting, Mission-
aries; Alfred 0. Treat, M. D Missionary Physician ;
Mrs. Ursula Stanley, Mrs. Lucy A. Whiting. — Three
Peking (Pe-king'. — N. E. China, lat. 39° 54/ N.,
long. 116° 29' E ). — Henry Blodeet, Chauncey Good-
rich, Chester Holcombe. D. C. McCoy, Missionaries ;
Phineas R Hunt, Printer ; Mrs. Sarah F. R. Blodget,
Mrs. Abbie A. Goodrich, Mr3. Olive K. Holcombe,
Mrs. America H. McCoy, Mr§. Abigail N. Hunt, Miss
Mary H. Porter, Miss Mary A. Thompson. — Two na-
Kalgan (140 miles N. W. of Peking). — John T.
Gulick, Mark Williams, Thoma« W. Thompson, Mis-
sionaries ; Mrs. Emily Gulick, Mrs. Isabella B. Wil-
liams, Miss Naomi Diament. — One native helper.
Tung-Cho (T'hoong-Chow. — 12 miles E. of Peking).
— D. Z. Sheffield, Missionary ; Mrs. Eleanor W. Shef-
field, Miss Mary E. Andrews. — One native helper and
In this Country. — Lyman Dwight Chapin, Mission-
ary ; Mrs. Clara L. Chapin.
Now at Shanghai. — Mrs. Eliza J. Bridgman.
Station not re-ported. — Isaac Pierson, Missionary
Mr. Gilbert T. Holcombe has resigned his connection with the mission and the
Board, and returned to the United States. Mr. Pierson sailed for the field,
from San Francisco, September 1. The brethren have met with difficulty in their
attempt to secure new stations. There were pleasing indications of the special
presence and workings of the Holy Spirit during the latter part of the last year
reported. Twenty-one members were received to the four churches during the
year, and nine more were admitted soon after, making a total of 65 members.
Increased efforts have been made for the training of native helpers ; buildings
have been erected, and other preparations made, for the efficient working of the
press ; special effort is madelmong women at some of the stations ; the mission
was never before so thoroughly organized for effective and aggressive work ;
and if civil affairs become quiet, and the recent excitement of the people against
foreigners passes away, greater results than have yet appeared in this field may
be hoped for in the near future. But there is special reason for prayer in be-
Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board.
half of laborers in China, that dangers may be averted and an open door pre-
JAPAN. (1869.) Under appointment — now in the United States . —
Kobe. — (About 300 miles W. S. W. from Yeddo.)— H - Gulick > Missionary; Mrs. Anna E. Gulick.
Daniel Crosby Greene, Missionary ; Mrs. Mary Jane
In consultation with Mr. Blodget, of the North China mission, Mr. Greene
has fixed upon Kobe, about twenty miles from Osaka, as his station. As yet
the work is mainly one of preparation. Mr. and Mrs. 0. H. Gulick, recently
from the Sandwich Islands, are expected to go soon to this field.
WORTH PACIFIC OCEAN.
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. (1820.)
Hawaii (Hah-wy 7 -e). — Missionaries , David B. Ly-
man, Principal of Ike High School , Hilo (He 7 lo) ; Elias
Bond, Kohala ( Ko-hahMah) ; Lorenzo Lyons, Wai-
mea ( Wy-may 7 -ah) ; John D. Paris, South Kona.
Maui (Mow-ee 7 ). — Missionaries , Dwight Baldwin,
M. D. , Lahaina,( L?h-hy 7 -nah) ; William P. Alexander,
WailuJcu ( Wy-loo-koo).
Oahu (O-ah 7 - hoo). — Missionaries, John E. Pogue,
Corresponding Secretary of the Board of the Hawaiian
Evangelical Association, Lowell Smith, D. D., A. O.
Forbes, Honolulu (Ho-no-loo 7 -)oo), B. W. Parker ;
Mrs. Thurston, Mrs. Hitchcock, Mrs. Chamberlain,
and Miss Ogden, at Honolulu, and Mrs. Emerson at
Waialua Wy-ah-loo 7 -ah.
Kauai (Kow-y 7 ). — Missionaries, James W. Smith,
M. D , Daniel Dole, Koloa (Ko-lo 7 -ah); Mrs. Johnson,
at Waioli (Wy-o 7 -lee); and Mrs. Whitney at Waimea,
( Wy-may 7 -ah.)
In this Country. — E. W. Clark, Portland, Conn.,
superintending the printing of books in the Hawaiian
language ; Titus Coan.
The great event of the year connected with the mission work in this field, has
been the joyful and successful Jubilee celebration, fully reported in the Herald
for September last. Fifty years have elapsed since the mission commenced its
work, and for years the Hawaiians have been an educated, Christian people,
with all the varied institutions, governmental, educational, and religious, of civil-
ization and Christianity. The native churches maintain their own pastors and
send missionaries to the Marquesas Islands and Micronesia. There are 57
churches, with 14,850 members; 49 ordained Hawaiian ministers, of whom 39
are pastors of home churches, and 9 are foreign missionaries. The contributions
of the churches, for various purposes, last year, were more than $31,000, of
which $6,476 were for foreign missions. Common-schools are sustained by the
government, and various higher schools and seminaries, for males and females,
are doing the work which such institutions do in our own land ; while the man-
agement of Christian work in the Islands is mainly in charge of the Hawaiian
Board. Many of the American missionaries, most of them now advanced in
life, must still receive support, in part at least, from the United States, and will
still labor for the good of the Island churches and the education of a native
ministry, but the Hawaiian churches will be henceforth independent of connec-
tion with the American Board, and it is deemed proper that this mission should
hereafter be dropped from the list of its missions.
American Missionaries. — Gilbert Islands. — Rev.
H. Bingham and wife.
Marshall Islands. — Rev. B. G. Snow and wife (ab-
sent in the United States).
Ponape (Po'-nah-pay. — Ascension Island, lat. 6°
48 7 N., long. 158° 19 7 E. Population, 5,000). — Rev.
A. A. Sturges and wife (absent in the United States);
E. T. Doane and wife (the latter In the United States).
Hawaiian Missionaries. — Gilbert Islands Mission.
— J5i/Ia/7/an(Boo-tah'-re tah'-re.)— Rev. .1. W. Kanoa
and wife; Mr. W. R. Maka and wife — Apaiang (Ap-
py-ahng 7 . — Charlotte Island, lat. about 2° N-, long.
173° E.). — Rev. J. H. Mahoe and wife — Tarawa
(Knox Island, S. E. of and near Apaiang). — Mr. J.
Ilaina and wife ; Mr. D. Kanoho aud wife ; Mr. J. D.
Ahia and wife. — Tap tenea, Rev. W. B. Kapu and
wife ; Mr. GJjeleo and wife.
During the past year Mr. Doane has been the only American laborer on
Ponape, — for a portion of the year the only one in all the Micronesia field,
but Mr. and Mrs, Bingham returned in the summer for a temporary residence
Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board.
at their former station on Apaiang. The year, on Ponape, has been one of
much religious interest, causing the lone missionary to rejoice greatly in his
work. At some of the other stations, also, in charge of Hawaiian laborers,
there has been much to encourage. The whole number added to the churches
by profession, within the last year reported, was 100, and the present number
of members is 410. The contributions were, for the Hawaiian Board, $396.71,
and for the American Board, $55.27. The people also paid $361 for books,
and have done nobly, as heretofore, in building churches. Native teachers and
helpers are also enlisted, to a very commendable extent, in missionary effort.
The visit of the United States war vessel, Jamestown , Captain Truxton, re-
cently reported in the Herald, was of great service to the work.
NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS.
Santee Agency (Nebraska). — Rev. Alfred L Riggs,
Missionary ; Edward R. Pond, Teacher ; Mrs. Mary B.
Riggs, Mrs. Mary F. Pond, Miss Julia A. Lafromboise,
Yankton Agency (Dakota Territory). — John P. Wil-
liamson, Missionary ; Mrs. Sarah A. Williamson, Miss
Mary M. Pond, Teacher.
Good Will (Dakota Territory). — Stephen R. Riggs,
Missionary ; Mr. Wyllys K. Morris, Teacher; Mrs.
Martha Riggs Morris.
Out-stations on the Missouri. — Choteau Creek (15
miles below Yankton Agency); White Swan (15 miles
above Yankton Agency); Crow Creek ( 100 miles above
Out-stAtons on the Coteau (near Good Will).' —
Ascension, Dry Wood Lake, Long Hollow, Fort Wads-
Missionaries at Large. — Thomas S. Williamson,
Missionary ; Mrs. Margaret P. Williamson, Miss Jane
Important changes have taken place in this field within the past year. (1.)
Messrs. S. R. Riggs and A. S. Riggs have entered upon the work of training
native helpers for the increasing wants of the mission, — the former on the
Coteau des Prairies, and the latter at the Santee Agency. The material is
ready and promising. (2.) The new station at the Yankton Agency is receiv-
ing unexpected encouragement. The desire for education, as already developed,
is remarkable. The school for the current winter, opened November 2, with
more than sixty pupils. The religious services held by Mr. J. P. Williamson
are “crowded”; and some, apparently, are becoming obedient to the truth.
The number of additions to the churches, as reported by the entire mission,
has been about fifty. The native pastors, as also the licensed preachers, are
rendering essential service to the Board, in its endeavor to evangelize the large
tribe of Indians to which they belong.
(Not including the Missions recently transferred.)
Number of Missions, 14
“ “ Stations, 86
“ “ Out-stations, 506
Number of Ordained Missionaries (3 being physicians), 129
“ “ Physicians not ordained, 8
‘ s “ other Male Assistants, 4
“ “ Female Assistants, 190
Whole number of laborers sent from this country, .. . 331
Number of Native Pastors 118
“ “ Native Preachers and Catechists, •. 315
“ “ School Teachers, 400
“ “ other Native Helpers, 208
Whole number of Native Helpers, 1,041
Whole number of laborers connected with the Missions, 1,372
[ January ,
The Week of Prayer.
Pages printed, as far as reported (including Syria), 19,728,995
Number of Churches (including all at the Hawaiian Islands), 226.
“ “ Church Members “ “ “ “ so far as reported, .... 23,718
Added during the year, (so far as reported), 1,533
Number of Training and Theological Schools, 15
“ “ Boarding Schools for Girls, 17
“ “ Common Schools (omitting those at Hawaiian Islands), 464
“ “ Pupils in Common Schools (omitting those at Hawaiian Islands), . . 12,437
“ “ “ Training and Theological Schools, 323
“ “ “ “ Boarding Schools for Girls, 535
Other adults under instruction, 1,115
Whole number of Pupils, 14,410
THE WEEK OF PRAYER.
There are special reasons why the churches that act through the Amer-
ican Board should remember the cause of foreign missions during the Week of
Prayer. There should be, —
1. Gratitude for the Divine blessing upon the joint and harmonious labors
of past years, of the two great denominations represented in the Board, whose
fruits are seen in the independence of the Hawaiian churches, in the active co-
operation of hundreds of faithful native pastors and preachers, in the establish-
ment of missionary seminaries for the development of an efficient native agency,
male and female, and in the missionary spirit of labor and sacrifice widely dif-
fused among the native churches.
2. Gratitude that when the Presbyterian constituency of the Board felt con-
strained to withdraw, in consequence of the reunion of the two branches of their
church, it was accomplished with so much good feeling; and, as may be hoped,
with advantage to the cause.
3. Gratitude for the preservation of the lives of our missionaries in China,
during the past months of trial and danger, and a humble recognition of the
Divine goodness in answering the prayers of the churches in their behalf, with
continued supplication that the lives and health of the missionaries may be
preserved, that their opportunities of Christian influence may be enlarged and
blessed of the Holy Spirit.
4. Prayer for the presence of the Holy Spirit in all schools and seminaries
in the foreign field, and all native churches ; for the guidance and support of
all missionaries and native ecclesiastical bodies, in their responsible duties ; and
that the Lord Jesus will verify his precious promise to be with his disciples, to
these messengers of the churches, making up to them in present experience of
his love and presence, more than they lose in leaving the loved Christian circles
5. Prayer for the Divine blessing upon the word preached, whether by mis-
sionaries or native preachers, or by the female missionaries and Bible-women
in the houses of the people, and upon the Christian literature in many lands and
How to Conduct a Monthly Concert .
languages ; that so all this varied agency for diffusing the knowledge of the way
of life, may be made effective to the speedy triumph of the kingdom of our
6. Prayer for a livelier sympathy with Christ and a larger spirit of benevo-
lence in our churches, that means be not lacking to carry forward the work now
committed to them ; and for a true spirit of consecration to the cause of Christ
in our colleges and seminaries ; that the work begun at so many points, with so
much promise, may be carried forward, that the needful guidance and moral
support may be rendered the native churches, and that the leadings of Divine
providence may be followed into new and inviting fields.
HOW TO CONDUCT A MONTHLY CONCERT.
The following suggestions were prepared at the request of some young men
connected \yith one Monthly Concert, and may be of service to others : —
1. Begin at the time appointed, with singing two or three stanzas, to be fol-
lowed by a brief prayer of invocation.
2. Have no reading, but brief addresses on fields previously assigned, to give
information, or an exhortation based on some striking fact of missionary intelli-
gence, not exceeding five minutes each.
3. Let each address be followed by a brief prayer relating to the subject-
matter of the address just made, or on some special topic suggested by the leader
of the meeting.
4. Intersperse singing, of one or two stanzas at a time.
5. Make use of any special topic of interest, as the sailing of new mission-
aries, a revival at some point, peculiar trials of missionaries or of native Chris-
tians, the call for more men or more means, to awaken attention and call out
prayer and sympathy.
fi. Keep watch for items of missionary interest, in the secular as well as in
the religious papers during the month, in order to report them at the concert.
7. Locate the facts or the men referred to, so as to give a just idea to persons
unacquainted, on a good missionary map. A few words are enough. In speak-
ing of a revival at Bitlis, for example, state where it is, in what sort of a region,
among what people, and if possible, state what missionaries are there, and what
has been done hitherto. Two minutes will suffice for this, and two more to give
points of interest, or three to detail some striking incident.
8. Study to present, not long details, which might please a reader, but just
those points which have touched your own heart, and which will stir the hearts
9. Have a list of special topics of interest to draw from when there is need,
to fill up the time well and maintain the interest. Two or three of the follow-
ing, well put in , might save a meeting from failure. Give notice, if a pause
seems likely to occur, that after singing a stanza, some brother — perhaps giv-
ing his name — will be asked to pray for one of the following objects : —
a. For native pastors in charge of little native churches in Africa, Asia, or
the Pacific L-lands.
b. For native preachers going into new places among the heathen.
14 Missionary Publications . [January,
c. For native Christians, persecuted by their friends and kindred, that they
be strong and faithful.
d. For heathen children just gathered into Sabbath-schools.
e. For a blessing on the Bible and tract distribution among the heathen.
f For native churches trying to support their own pastors and to build
churches and school houses for. themselves.
g. For missionaries, that they be true and faithful to Christ, living near to
h. For the blessing of God on the labors of the missionaries in preaching and
visiting from house to house.
t. For a blessing on the missionaries in sickness and trial, away from home,
friends, and Christian society.
j. For the Divine blessing on young missionaries, just leaving home.
k. For parents who give up their children to the mission work.
l. For parents on mission ground obliged to send their children home for,
m. For the children of missionaries in this country, separated from their par-
ents and among strangers.
n. For a spirit of consecration to Christ in our seminaries and colleges, that
shall lead young men and women to give themselves to mission work.
o. For sympathy with Chri>t in the great work of a world’s evangelization.
p. For a sense of personal responsibility, leading to larger Christian benevo-
lence, and more earnest, prevailing prayer for the progress of the gospel abroad.
10. Read the Herald , and come together to pray over the points of interest
it contains, or suggests, and there will be little need of any special topics.
11. Take a collection for the cause at the morning service on the Sabbath,
to afford all an opportunity to give, if any should fail to come to the concert.
12. Close the meeting promptly at the end of an hour.
The cause of foreign missions rests on no artificial interest, on no sensational
representations. The romance period has passed. It means work now — hard
work — sacrifice and triumphs for Christ. Let the facts be known, and the
issue may be left with all thoughtful Christian hearts. But if the heathen can-
not hear without a preacher, no more can Christians at home feel an interest in
the work of Christ abroad, if remaining unacquainted with it. It is not enough
to trust to an occasional discourse from a missionary or a pastor, or some anni-
versary occasion. The subject must be read up, and kept read up, through mis-
sionary publications. These are not wanting. To speak of those issued from
the Missionary House : —
I. THE MISSIONARY HERALD,
well read for actual facts — the experience of missionaries, methods of labor, and
results — will soon bring the reader abreast of the time , and give an acquaintance
not only with the work of the American Board, but of all the great missionary
Letter to the Children.
bodies. Is it not, then, a duty for the friends of missions, and for pastors espe-
cially, who would see to it that their people are duly educated in the responsi-
bilities and privileges of the time, to secure for the Missionary Herald, as nearly
as may be, a place in every family? Is it not due to the missionaries them-
selves thus to be known and loved in every Christian household ?
II. LIFE AND LIGHT,
is the organ of the Woman’s Board of Missions, and, issued quarterly, is ready
to make the Christian ladies of our churches acquainted with the special efforts
in behalf of women in foreign lands, and to introduce to their love and sympa-
thy, and to a place in their prayers, the noble company of their sisters, single
and married, who are engaged in this self-denying work — loving home and
Christian society no less, but only the more, that they have left all to rear up
Christian homes amid the darkness of heathenism. To be had for only fifty
cents a year, shall not this, too, have its place in every home ? What mother
would do without such a means of teaching her children to value these Christian
But this is not all for the children ; and the Woman’s Board also publish,
from “Life and Light”; a reprint, with appropriate headings, of the Children’s
Corner in their quarterly. It is a gem of a missionary magazine for children,
and is a marvel of cheapness. Any one sending one dollar will receive twenty-
five copies a year, sent to one address. Specimen numbers will be sent very
widely the present month, to let the children become acquainted with it. The
Woman’s Board would gladly publish a hundred thousand of these leaflets, if
they should find a call for them.
It is specially intended for mission circles of children and for Sabbath-schools.
It is very modest, only asking to be read once a quarter ; and for such a little
sum, that it may be hoped hundreds of Sabbath- schools will order five or ten
dollars’ worth — that is, one hundred and twenty-five, or two hundred and fifty
copies each — for distribution. It is intended to make it as good as it is cheap ;
and to put into it some of the choicest stories and incidents from the great mis-
sionary field. The work of missions is developing so fast, the children cannot
begin too soon to prepare for the grander work of the future.
LETTER TO THE CHILDREN.
The December number of the Herald stated the plan for building a new
Morning Star , asking the children to give ten thousand dollars for this purpose,
by one general and generous contribution on the second Sabbath in January.
The hope was also expressed, that the missionaries from Micronesia, now in the
United States, would write something on the subject, in the January Herald.
Here is a letter from one of them : —
To the Stockholders of the late Morning Star :
My dear Children, — You know something of how much we, your mis-
sionaries, who used to sail in our dear Morning Star , loved her. You know
Letter to the Children .
how she came to us every year, with her rich freight of letters from our far-off
friends, and with new books and papers, and food and clothing. We were not
able to receive any of these regularly but through her ; and it was by her help
only that we were able to exchange visits, from island to island.
Since her loss, we have asked each other, sadly, “ What shall we do now ?
How shall we get back to our far-off homes in the islands ? Must we take that
long voyage in an uncomfortable little schooner, which will merely drop us at
home, and then leave us ? Must we leave our native converts, on other islands,
to struggle on in their weakness, with no visits from us, with no books, and
especially with the feeling, which they must have, that Christians in America
have cast them off, and no longer love them or pray for them ? ” O, how our
loved work must be hindered and broken up, if we have no vessel.
But we are rejoiced, indeed, to hear that our -wise fathers, who manage our
affairs, have decided that we must not be left to all these evils, but a new
Morning Star must be built, just as beautiful and perfect as the one whose loss
has so deeply grieved us. How glad and thankful we are !
But it rests with you, dear children, to give us this great blessing. Ten
thousand dollars are needed to build the new ship. This is a large sum for
children to give ; and at this holiday season, when you are all warning to make
Christmas and New Year’s presents, you have use for all your pennies. But
will not this missionary ship be a noble New Year’s gift to all of us, your uncles
and aunts, and thousands of dark-skinned cousins off in the wide Pacific ?
Just think of the many, many hearts to which she will bring joy! We five
American missionaries, who are now in this country, will return in her, and it
is hoped a new missionary and his wife, and two unmarried ladies may go with
us ; and some more Hawaiian missionaries will soon go to join the twelve already
in Micronesia, and the four on the Marquesas Islands. And as we pass from island
to island, and visit our children , as we call them, whom we have learned to love
so well, and who love us so dearly — as we come to them with our new ship , and
new teachers, and new books, O, how their eyes will sparkle, and how they will
dance and sing for joy ! #
But what is better, by far, many of them will want, first of all, to meet to-
gether in their places of prayer, and thank God for his great goodness in giving
them such rich gifts. And they will feel and say, — “ Now we see how Chris-
tians in America love our souls, and want us to know about God, and how to
love him more and serve him better. Let us try to do all we can for ourselves,
when they have done so much for us. Let us send this blessed gospel, which
makes these people do so much for us, to all these islands about us that are yet
in darkness.” And then they will crowd into our schools, and bring gladly their
monthly concert contributions ; and we hope many of them will soon be ready
to £0 themselves as missionaries to their heathen neighbors.
Thus your Morning Star will be the harbinger of day to these thousands
of islands, till the Sun of Righteousness shall indeed rise upon them, and the
whole wide Pacific shall be filled with the knowledge and glory of the Lord.
Will it not be glorious ? And all through your means, dear children, for it can-
not be done without your ship.
So all you bright-eyed, generous boys and girls, gather up your pennies and
pour in the contents of your “ banks,” and give us our new ship Jirst, and use
what is left to buy your new skates, and other New Year’s presents.
Missions of the Board.
I thought it was so beautiful that when you were asked to build the last
Morning Star , you did just as did those good people of whom the Bible tells
us, who built the tabernacle and temple, — offered willingly ,” and . brought
“ much more than was required.” Shall it not be so now ?
Your loving aunt,
Readers will be glad to see, prepared expressly for this number of the
Herald, the engraved likeness of Rev. Dr. Hopkins, President of Williams
College, and also President of the American Board of Commissioners for For-
Letter from Mr. Bingham, August 2, 1870.
Mr. and Mrs. Bingham left Honolulu
on the 30th of April last, in the James-
town, for their former field of labor in
the Gilbert Islands, not expecting to re-
main there many months, as a prolonged
stay would be attended with much risk in
the matter of health. They reached
Tarawa on the 15th of May, and found
that the Tarawa rebels had left Apaiang
and King Abraham had returned three
months before, and that a partial peace
prevailed. The man who shot the Ha-
waiian missionary Mahoe “ had fallen by
the hand of violence.” Captain Truxton
invited several high chiefs of Tarawa and
Apaiang on board the Jamestown , and
they signed a paper engaging to protect
ship-wrecked mariners, and foreigners
whom they might permit to land, whether
traders or missionaries. The leaders of
the party which destroyed the mission
premises at Apaiang also engaged to pay
ten tuns of cocoa-nut oil, “ as a fine for the
destruction of the property.” Mr. Bing-
ham wrote from Apaiang, August 2d, of
much encouragement : “We found some
things to encourage us at Tabiang [Tara-
wa]. Since our arrival in the group, nine
members have been received to the church
there by baptism. Among them is the
VOL. lxvii. 2
leading chief of Tarawa, David Hourapi,
long the friend of our missionary brethren
and their families, residing near him.
The desire for instruction both on Apaiang
and Tarawa has been marked, during the
past few weeks, by a much larger sale of
books than ever before in the same length
of time. The school at Hoinawa has
averaged not far from sixty. The Sab-
bath-school, reorganized during our visit,
now numbers ten teachers and about
“ Many of the church-members had
wandered sadly on Tarawa ; but it has
been a joy to us to see so many of them
returning to the path of duty. Most
have publicly confessed their sins, and
declare their intention to return to their
Saviour. Among those lately restored is
Joseph, whose history you may remember
as given in the “ Story of the Morning
“Last week two deacons were chosen,
King Abraham and Job, the two men
who have stood the firmest during all the
fiery trials of the adversary. Last Sab-
bath eight members were received to the
church of Apaiang by baptism, being
selected from among fifty inquirers.
“ On the site of the church totally de-
stroyed by the Tarawan rebels, our peo-
ple are now erecting a new temple for the
worship of Jehovah. Services for the
past month have been held, by permission
of the king, in the large council-house
(which measures 125 feet by 56), but we
shall all be glad when we are once more
permitted to enter the courts of the Lord,
dedicated to his worship. Deacon Job
takes hold in good earnest. King Abra-
ham is very feeble.
“ Most cheering news from Tapitenea
has recently been received. Bro. Kapu
[Hawaiian Missionary] writes that their
pupils number 1,850 ; that 1,300 have
learned to read ; that they have already
erected four school-houses, and are en-
gaged on their second church. As yet
there appears to be no diminution of in-
terest. There is scarce anything on rec-
ord more wonderful or encouraging. It
is not two years since our brethren were
“ The work progresses on Butaritari.
Churches are being built ; many books are
bought by the natives; liberal monthly
concert contributions are constantly made ;
and there are some accessions to the
church. Brother Mahoe still lives, to pro-
claim the gospel of peace. His right arm
is useless, but with his left hand he has
recently written me touching letters. He
is now on the south end of Butaritari.
The wound still discharges badly, and his
health is poor. We long to visit him, and
our other brethren on Butaritari.”
Intelligence has been received of the
return of Mr. and Mrs. Bingham to Hono-
lulu, on the 27th of October, in a small
vessel, the Annie , sent out in place of the
lost Morning Star.
ATONEMENT AT PONAPE. — GOOD INFLUENCE
OF THE “ JAMESTOWN.”
Under date, July 8th, Mr. Doane wrote
from Ponape : —
“ Yesterday was rather an important
day with us. I have,. under previous dates,
recorded the fact of a native killing an-
other, or more properly being indirectly
the cause of his death. This being so, he
has been watched and dogged for months;
and not only he but certain members of
his clan. Perhaps I have written you of
the law of retaliation that prevails among
this people. As a system to avenge a
wrong, it is most unjust, because the guilty
rarely suffer, but some innocent member of
his clan — some child, or woman, or aged
man. The person of whom I speak stood
related to some church members, and that
put their lives in jeopardy, very much
so. For months they have been unable
to attend meetings, and could hardly leave
their homes; but by night and day have
been watched, and thus liable at any mo-
ment to be shot down.
“ But the visit of the Jamestown has
changed all this. Captain Truxton ad-
vised the king and chiefs to abandon
such a custom, and that the guilty person
should be executed, or pay a fine. I am
happy to say that yesterday the individual
referred to was allowed to atone for his sin
with money, — Ponape money, — mats,
twine, pigs, dogs, and a large feast. It was
interesting to see the ceremony. The ar-
ticles were brought in by a large number
of persons, each one bearing a portion, fol-
lowing each other in a row, the guilty one
near the head, with the largest number of
articles. After presenting the articles to
the person offended, — in this case a high
chief, — the man sat down. Presently he
came forward alone, trembling not a little,
and offered the chief, in a very graceful
way, a pipe , lighted and ready to smoke.
The chief in turn gave the man a piece
of sugar cane, and at the same time
other members of the clan did so. This
assures the man that his atonement is ac-
cepted, and he is forgiven. Then the
leading ones of the offended or injured
party talk over the matter, referring it all,
however, to the king, who says that from
this time forth the man is to be regarded
as having absolved himself from his sin, or
its punishment, by this atonement. And
to this all agree. Then we talk. All talk
in turn and in order, and sing and pray.
“ The remarks of some referred to the
Jamestown as introducing a new order
of things. They declared, in substance,
that she only could have introduced the
change. I am confident her influence in
this matter was strong. All felt that Capt.
Truxton was a friend to them, and were
ready to listen to his advice. Thus we
begin to see more clearly the results of that
visit of a man-of-war, commanded by one
who was firm yet just , who came to do
and exact only that which was right, yet,
North China Mission.
if necessary, to punish. And indeed he
did constrain the king to return a child
he had stolen from a Christian foreigner,
which humbled the king not a little in
the eyes of his own people; yet that same
monarch saw the justness, and acknowl-
edged it, and was willing to take the ad-
vice of that commander in correcting an-
other evil among his people. — the evil to
which I have referred.
The word Atone. — “ It was deeply in-
teresting to hear a word used in all this
affair resembling very much a word in
English, sweet to all Christian ears and
hearts. I mean the word atone. Such is
the English word ; here it is tom [tome],
the o of both words having precisely the
same sound, and the two words meaning the
same thing. And I cannot but feel that
our English word atone comes from some
other source than the Latin ad unus, — -
at-one, or atone. I shall not be surprised
if it is found lying back among some San-
skrit or Shemitic roots, from which our
Ponape-Malay dialect has drawn its tom.
ADDITIONS TO THE CHURCH — THE NAN-
On the 11th of July Mr. Doane wrote:
“ Yesterday we had communion. About
one hundred and twenty- five gathered
about the table, and the number was in-
creased by the baptizing of twenty-eight
more. Among those baptized was the
Nanakin of the Jekoij tribe, an aged man,
and the highest man of his rank, — sec-
ond only to the king. In former years
he has been not a little troublesome. He
was a great beggar, asking for almost
any garment one might have on — coat,
shirt, hat, shoes, or knife if he had one.
It used to be a painful duty to call on
him, because of this propensity. He was
once a noted ‘sot’ in the use of the
ava root, and in drinking the fermented
and distilled sap of the cocoa-nut-tree. In
the early days of natives coming out on
the Lord’s side, he made much trouble by
his opposition. Once, as our good Chris-
tian chief Ejekaiea, of another tribe, was
passing the Nanakin’s place, he gathered
his forces, and lying in ambush fired upon
them. He would be most happy to take in
that Christian brother now, and feed him.
He is certainly, in a sense, a new man in
Christ. He has broken away from the
ava root and other drinks, has reformed
in his habit of begging, and loves to come
over and spend days near us, to be in-
structed in the new way. I am really
becoming attached to him. How happy if
in his old age he has indeed found Jesus !
The rest of the company baptized appear
“ I had hardly reached home from this
meeting, ere a young man called to ask if
he could not join the church. And an-
other told me of a dozen waiting my arri-
val at another place to be baptized. We
rejoice that the Lord is thus with us, but
our joy is toned down somewhat by being
obliged to suspend five, though two of
them seem very penitent.”
It is still true, as stated in the Herald
for December, that letters received from
the missionaries do not throw much new
light upon civil affairs in China. Up to
the first of October matters were unset-
tled, and whether there would be further
outbreaks of violence against foreigners,
and war with European powers, or an
adjustment of difficulties and remunera-
tion for wrongs inflicted, could not be
certainly foretold. It was expected, how-
ever, that the Chinese government would
either replace or pay for mission buildings,
and other property destroyed, and Mr.
Stanley, at Tientsin, had some hope, Oc-
tober 3d, “ to have chapels up and work,
going on again before winter.”' He
wrote : “ I would not yet speak too posi-
tively with reference to the coming win-
ter; but I think the strong probabilities
are that we shall be here, and continue
our work somewhat as formerly. There
will be some risk I think, in remaining,
yet I do not believe we shall be interfered
Mr. Williams wrote from Kalgan, Sep-
tember 22d : “ Whether the danger of
war is less now than it has been or not, it
is certain that we, as a mission, feel less
Madura Mission — Southern India .
alarm than we did, and all seem to be
settling down to the decision to remain at
ur stations during the winter. Mr. and
Mrs. Gulick are ndw in Mongolia, two
lays distant, among friends, who urge
Dur coming there in case of war, and
assure us of safety. But at present, we
shall remain at our homes, and trust we
shall be undisturbed.”
Mr. Sheffield, of Tungcho, wrote Sep-
tember 28th : “ Our hearts are very joy-
ful these days, in the peace and quiet
which we enjoy in our work, after months
of uncertainty and anxiety. We feared
the season of work would find our little
church and school scattered, and ourselves
driven from our field ; but our. Father is
very good to us. We are all in our places.
Our church members give many pleasant
proofs of their love for their Saviour.
They have grown stronger by being com-
pelled to ask their hearts if they were
willing to suffer for Christ. This period
of trial has been improved by the good
brethren who have preached to the
church, for teaching the lesson of entire
consecration to God, — giving ourselves
living sacrifices on his altar.
“ Last Sabbath I baptized one of our
servants, who gives us reason to hope that
he loves his Saviour.”
pUOiura f&tsston — Southern Entna.
MOVEMENT AMONG- THE HEATHEN.
Mr. Taylor wrote from Mandapasalai,
September 2d : “I wish to say something
more of the heathen part of Mandapasalai.
We seem now to have got a real foothold
among those who were purely heathen till
about the fore part of last year. Then
the best carpenter in the village, together
with his children, nominally connected
himself with us; and as proof of his sin-
cerity, paid me, during the year, fifteen
rupees, as the tenth of his income. Many
meetings have been held in his house, at
which more or less of his neighbors have
often been present. His two oldest sons
seem to have become true Christians, and
I expect, next Sabbath, to receive them to
the church. The oldest of the two is also
to be married next week, and we are re-
joicing that he is to bring to his home, to
live there among the heathen, a bride
that is of a character very rare in these
parts. She is not a mere little girl, as
most brides are, but a mature woman, of
commanding and pleasing appearance, and
a decided mind. Apparently of her own
independent judgment, she has come out
on the side of Christianity; and though
for this purpose she had to go to a school
of the lowest caste, she has within the
past few months learned to read; and
now, for about a month, she has attended
our girl’s boarding-school for improvement
(putting us, however, to no expense), for
she said, as a reason for coming, that after
ber marriage she would have no such op-
“ The heathen of the village are of a
higher caste than most of those connected
with us, and tenacious of the distinction,
but the truth is making inroads upon
them, and they can no longer be indiffer-
ent. I cannot say that this new, small
accession will be steadfast, for experience
warns us not to be too sanguine in such
cases, but their acquisition is the result of
long labor on our part and of reflection
on theirs. This is not the gathering of
merely loose stones on the surface, for
the building of our spiritual temple, but
the cutting of blocks from the solid quarry
A PASTOR CALLED.
Mr. Taylor also writes : “ In this sta-
tion, a marked event of the past six
months has been the calling of Mr. Eames
to be the pastor of the church in West
Caresaculum. New life has been imparted
to the church and congregation, which
before had been declining. Mr. Eames
has labored there about two months,
pleased himself, and giving satisfaction to
the people. He has not yet been or-
dained, though he expects to be before
long ; but as he has before been employed
only as a teacher, he did not wish to
enter the pastoral work till he could have
some personal experience and observation
in this, to him, new sphere. I rejoice at
this accession to the working force at my
station for several reasons, some of which
are personal, for I took him 25 years ago,
Eastern Turkey Mission.
when young, into our boarding-school in
Tirupuvanum. He is now the man of my
choice, for his piety, devotion to duty, and
fitness for the pastoral office. I have not,
for some time, had any man in my station
field of his capacity and power to influ-
ence, so that his coming almost marks an
era, the standard for good being raised
thereby in the whole station.”
Eastern Curkeg i&tsston.
THE OPENING AT VAN.
Mr. Labaree, of the Mission to Persia,
returning from a visit to Bitlis, spent some
time at Van, and wrote from there to Mr.
Knapp, of Bitlis, as follows: —
“ Our stay here has been very pleasant.
I wish you could have laughed with us
over our family cart ride about the city
and its suburbs. We presented a most
striking spectacle for western eyes, how-
ever it might have appeared to the Van-
lees. We have become very much in-
terested in the city and its people, as a
missionary field. We have obtained a
stronger impression of the readiness of
the people to receive the gospel than we
had before this second visit. Shamasha
Elia has spent most of the time in selling
books in the market. With his bags of
tooks over his shoulder, he has been
around from shop to shop selling and
talking. The greatest interest was mani-
fested in him and his work, and quite a
large call for books kept him very busy.
Friday he came home quite tired out,
having been hard at work from early
morning. At every turn in the market
men called him to their shops, eager to
look at his books. Whenever he sat
down, large companies gathered about him
to examine his books and to talk, and he
was surprised at their freedom and bold-
“ I have been myself about the market
a good deal, and have had a chance to
see how much the Shamasha with his
books was in demand, and also to experi-
ence the cordiality of numbers towards a
Protestant missionary. Some have been
very free in speaking to me of their de-
sire for missionaries to come and reside
here. None of those whom I have met
seemed spiritually very much awakened,
but the study of the Scriptures has eman-
cipated them in a measure from the bond-
age of their old superstitions and bigotry,
and excited in them a desire for a more
“ I should like to spend a much longer
time here, and help on the good work
which the Lord is doing. It is evident
that the harvest here is ripening, and that
not slowly. The deacon has sold, in the
two and a half days past, about 225 pias-
ters worth of books. I wish this work of
book-selling could be followed up vigor-
ously, there is a wide field open for such
labors. A good, brave-hearted colporter
could dispose of a large number of books
in the course of a month, and diffuse a
large amount of light. It is a pity that
this great city should be left so long with-
out the preaching of the gospel.”
THE REVIVAL AT BITLIS.
Several communications of much in-
terest have appeared in the Herald within
the past few months, respecting the relig-
ious interest at Bitlis. In a letter dated
September 10th, Mr. Knapp gives some
account of the origin of that work. He
writes : —
“ My last letter to you was dated May
2d. We were then in the midst of a
revival — the most powerful and signal we
have ever witnessed. I have never given
you a history of the origin of that great
work ; and as it was somewhat peculiar
I will mention it. Last winter my family
(including the Misses Ely) were called to
endure a severe trial. As no human aid
was available, we were literally driven to
throw our burden on the Lord, and seek
deliverance from him by prayer. And
while we were in our helplessness, pray-
ing, yea, before we called, God answered,
in a most wonderful manner, so that our
joy became as intense as had been our
sorrow — so intense that it seemed for a
time that poor human nature could hardly
endure it. Such was our joy at seeing so
many converted, and so strong our sympa-
thy for the salvation of the scores of con-
victed sinners with whom we had daily
conference, that we dreamed of them, wept
Western Turkey Mission.
in our dreams for them, and sometimes
actually waked from such dreams to find
tears running down our cheeks. The
Lord had literally poured out a blessing
until it seemed there was ‘ not room
enough to receive it/ We all felt that
the happy experiences of those few
months were enough to compensate for a
lifetime of missionary working and wait-
“ Forty-two , from our Sabbath congre-
gation of 150, have been added to our
church (now numbering seventy-four) as
the fruit of that revival, and there are
many more who we believe met with a
change of heart. The intensity of the
former religious interest has now abated,
but most of the prayer-meetings are kept
up, although none of us, during our sum-
mer’s tent life on the mountains for recu-
peration, are able to attend them as con-
stantly as formerly.
“ Our people have recently torn down
the inner partition of the chapel, laid
a board floor, plastered the walls, etc.,
greatly improving it ; and during our an-
nual meeting, four hundred met in it on
the Sabbath — the largest congregation
we ever had in Bitlis. The Lord be
praised for what he has done for us.”
3®Jesterti STurttej pifsston.
A HEARTY WELCOME BACK.
Mr. and Mrs. Leonard and Miss
Fritcher, returning from a visit to the
United- States, accompanied by Miss Bush,
on the way to Harpoot, reached Marso-
van July 9th, and Mr. Leonard writes : —
“ After a- refreshing visit in America,
our joy and gratitude on entering again
the mis>ion field are enhanced by the very
cordial welcome which awaited us on the
part of our dear people in Marsovan.
Would that you could have been here to
witness and share in that welcome. Our
field borders on the Black Sea, though its
centre is sixty miles distant. No sooner
had we touched the wharf in Samsoon
than we were surrounded by Protestant
brethren, who greeted us with affectionate
salutations. Among them were two stu-
dents, who had come down from Marsovan
Seminary to assist us in the land journey.
Another company were waiting for us by
the hot springs of Cauvza, who, on hear-
ing of our approach, mounted their horses
and came dashing down the road in the
greatest glow of enthusiasm, exclaiming,
as they grasped our hands or leaned over
from the saddle for an oriental kiss, ‘ Hosh
gueldin , Bodveli ! ’ ‘ Hosh gueldin , Ma-
dama!’ Welcome Reverend! Welcome,
Madam ! ‘ Paree yegar, Varzhoohee 1
Welcome teacher ! and then passed on,
all aglow, to salute others of the party in
“ The third and last day’s journey was
but half completed when another company
of brethren and sisters on horseback, and
with them Brother Smith and Miss Bliss,
met us on the plain, amidst the ripening
fields of wheat and barley, emblems of the
great moral harvest which waved so luxu-
riantly on every side. Finally, as we
came up to the vineyards, and halted in a
shady place beneath bi'oad branching wal-
nut-trees, scores of women and children,
old men and maidens, who had come out
on foot, some well and neatly dressed,
others with tattered garments (index of
deep poverty), pulling. us down from our
saddles, rounded out the welcome with
such demonstrations as only Orientals, and
oriental Christians, know how to give.
There were embraces and tears and
hymns of praise — a very affectionate
time of it ! And then, starting the train
again, some on horses, some on donkeys,
and others afoot, in one long, promiscuous
procession, chatting in a lively way in
English, Turkish, and Armenian, and fol-
lowed by a baggage-train of trunks bal-
ancing in couples over the backs of weary
mules, we entered the city and were at
home again in Marsovan.
“ I have given this little sketch, not
with any feeling of vanity, as though we
were worthy of a demonstration, but that
you may understand how circumscribed is
the disaffection which reigns in some quar-
ters towards the servants of the Board,
while on the contrary there are broad
fields either already harvested or ripe and
i “ Hosh gueldin ” is Turkish. “ Paree yegar,”
addressed to Miss Fritcher, is Armenian.
Woman s Work.
waiting for the reapers. There are men
and women in these half reclaimed fields,
who pray daily to the Lord of the harvest
that he would send forth laborers into his
harvest. The incident suggests also the
compensations with which missionary life
abounds. Those who, from a distance,
see only the tedious journeys, sunburnt
faces, sleepless nights in miserable Turk-
ish khans, perils of robbers, and perils
among false brethren, see but half of the
MARKED ENCOURAGEMENT AT MANDAPASA-
Mr. Taylor, of the Mandapasalai sta-
tion, Madura mission, wrote in September
last : “ Special efforts of late by the ladies,
for the education of women and girls out-
side of our schools, have been more suc-
cessful than I had supposed possible. It
appears that some such can be induced to
study, and that they can succeed in their
efforts, though staying at home and doing
their work there. I see a change in this
respect in some of the congregations and
even among the heathen of this village.
When I enter it now and see a girl a lit-
tle more neat than usual, with her hair in
some order, and making a salam with a
smiling face, I feel pretty sure that she is
one that has been to the mission house
and begun to study.
“ I will give no details of the work of
the young ladies, for it is their part to
write for themselves, but having the sta-
tion in charge, and having opportunities
for knowing, it is proper that I should
note some of the results, as they are man-
ifest to me, and particularly the indirect
influence of such labors on the minds of
“ First, I notice that the ladies seem to
have no difficulty in gathering audiences.
They gather these audiences of women
and children in private houses, or, where
we have them, in our little churches and
school-houses, and those as large perhaps
as I, in any like circumstances, could
gather among the men. Nor have I ob-
served that there is any special difficulty in
making the object of the mission of young
ladies here to be understood; and the
simple fact that they leave home and
friends to come here, and go from village
to village and from house to house to look
after the women and children, starts the
feeling that there must be a reality in the
religion they teach.
“I observe two particulars in which
they seem to have some special advantage.
One is, that their presentation of the gos-
pel can be more immediate, direct, and
quiet than ours. There is a class of men
who will take the defensive if met by me,
and be glad of the chance for a discussion,
who will set up no such proud disputation
if the truth comes through the agency of
a woman. The peculiarly humble charac-
ter of these agents (in their estimation)
does not stir their pride, and the acknowl-
edged benevolence of their work further
“ The other advantage is, that their
work is an attack upon the weak side of
the heathenism of this country. In Hin-
dooism, woman is forbidden to read or
know the Vedas , and she has no part in
its ceremonies. She is a cipher. Here
then is a field to plant. The female mis-
sionary comes to her with the announce-
ment that she also has a soul. She is told
that there is a Saviour and a heaven for
her , and the good news of the gospel is
unfolded. Our female missionary ap-
proaches no guarded foe, but .the unarmed
yet sensitive women of Hindooism. Un-
restricted she enters the heart of the
household, and can there touch the most
vital springs of life, and, with the Saviour’s
blessing, awaken desires that are not eas-
ily put to sleep again.
“ When the women are thus roused,
the men cannot remain just as they were.
[ J anuary.
Women here are indeed uneducated, but
they are not uninfluential. They will not,
simply because they are women, conceal
what they have thus learned from one of
their own sex. Their facile tongues tell
to eager ears, around and outside, what
they have learned within doors. Thus
the whole community is influenced by this
humble attack upon its idolatry and irre-
ligion on its exposed and unarmed side.
The effect upon the men, of this work
among the women, is like that of a strong
division, in a battle, coming unexpectedly
upon the enemy’s rear. The men are
taken unawares, and there is such a sub-
duing of tone as does not always follow
when they meet us preaching in their
PRAYER-MEETINGS AT HARPOOT.
Mrs. Wheeler wrote from Harpoot,
September 15th: “ Every Thursday Mrs.
Raynolds and I go to a new quarter of
the city and hold a prayer-meeting. We
often have those to hear us who never
come to our church, and who fear to be
called ‘ Protes,’ but will come into a
neighbor’s house to hear the Bible read
and - listen to the sweet hymns we always
sing. Sometimes they give me tearful at-
tention as I talk to them, or read Ahe
sweet words of Jesus. We were once in-
vited to hold our meeting in the house of
the old priest who died last March, his
daughter in-law inviting us. His wife left
the house and went to a neighbor’s during
the meeting, and we heard that they saw
a smoke come out of the house and then
a green flame ! They said it was Satan
leaving the house ! Several women said
they saw it. I told them it was well if
Satan had gone out when we read the
Bible there, and 1 hoped he would never
enter again. We now have three female
prayer-meetings in this city. One is kept
up by a good native sister, who has poor
health and a large family. It is on the
other side of the city, and it would do
your heart good to see how earnest this
good sister is and what an influence she
has. She is the one who gave me the
coral necklace you had at one time, which
sold I believe, for fifteen dollars.”
RECEIPTS OP WOMAN’S BOARD OP MIS-
Mrs. Homer Bartlett, Treasurer.
Bangor Aux. By Mrs. E. G. Thurs-
ton, Treasurer. A friend, to constitute
Mrs. Thomas Smith and Mrs. M. G.
Low, L. M’s, $50 00
Cumberland Centre Aux. By Mrs.
M. E. Small, First-fruits, $1210
Middlebury Aux. By Mrs. C. H.
Ladd, 72 00
St. Albans Aux. By Mrs. Mary A.
Smith, Treasurer, 28 50 — 112 60
Anonymous. “ A Friend,”
Boston. Ladies of Salem st. church,
by Mrs. Bates Lovejoy, $25 ; Mrs. Geo.
N. Dana, $5; Mrs. Alvan Perry, $1;
Chamber st. Chapel Mission Circles, to
be applied to the education of heathen
children in missionary seminaries, $81 ;
by Mrs. Miron Winslow, from Mrs.
Freeman Allen, to const, her grand-
daughter, in Newton, two weeks old,
L. M..S25; 137 00
Brighton. Mrs. N. E. Willis, 5 00
Beverly. Rebecca W. Groce, 2 00
Beverly , North. Mrs. Rebecca Co-
Chelsea. Chestnut st. church, by
Mrs. J. Sweetser,
Charlestown. Mrs. S. S. Tufts, to
const, herself L. M.
Everett Aux. By Miss Esther Whit-
Ipswich. Mrs. Cushing’s s. s. class,
Lee. Ladies of Cong, church, for
support of a pupil in Mrs. Edwards’
school, South Africa,
Lynn. First church s. 8., J. F. Pat-
ten’s class, first quarterly payment for
support of a Bible-reader, Aintab, Cen-
Milton. Mrs. Lucy Wadsworth,
Pittsfield. Mrs. Dr. Wilson, for sup-
port .of Hattie Wilson, Zulu girl in Mrs.
Randolph , East, Aux. By Miss Sa-
rah J. Holbrook, Treasurer. In part
for support of a pupil in Mrs. Edwards’
Swampscott. Cong. ch. s. s. mission
circle, “ The Busy Workers,” add’l,
(making a total from this class, Mrs.
J. Thompson’s, of $61, this year, and
with $18.98 collection, a total of $79 98
from the s. s. since January) ;
Wellesley Aux. By Mrs. Charles B.
Dana, $175 ; Miss Adelia Chaffin, for
two pupils in Miss Proctor’s school,
Providence. Beneficent church, by
Miss Anna T. White, Treasurer,
225 00—565 85
Berlin Aux. Miss Lena Woodruff,
Treasurer, to const. Mrs. Martha B.
Halleck and Mrs. Mary B. Moore,
Bolton. Ladies, by Rev. W. E. B.
Buffalo. Westminster Pres, church,
Aux., add’l (with prev. contributions,
to const. Mrs. C. G. Root, Mrs. F. Grid-
ley. and Miss A. E. Elliot, L. M’s),
Brooklyn. New England ch. s. s.,
Hattie D. Snook, in part, to educate a
pupil in Oroomiah,
Castile Aux. By K. V. Cochran,
17 50 — 67 50
Secretary, to const. Miss Cordelia A.
Greene, M.D., L. M. 25 CO
Penn Yan. Mrs. Charles C. Shep-
pard, 50 00
Smyrna. S. S. Miss’y Society Cong,
church, for support of a pupil at Har-
poot Female Seminary, 80 00
Warsaw Aux. By Miss Mary S. Wil-
liams, 16 00
New York. Anna Mather, <5 — 140 50
Philadelphia Branch. By Mrs.Lynde,
Treasurer. Six ladies, $1 each ; “ O.
A. L.,” monthly contribution, $25 ;
Jonesboro. By Mrs. Rhea, from
stranger, half a month’s earnings,
Youngstown Aux. By Mrs. Julia
Caldwell, Treasurer. Quarterly con-
tribution, 19 50
Terre Haute. 2d Pres. ch. s. s., for
Sarah Condit, in Mrs. Edwards’ school, 20 00
Sandwich Islands, — Honolulu. Mrs.
Jane R. Gelett, to const, herself L. M. 25 00
Ceylon , — Vdupitty , Jaffna. Rev. J.
C. Smith, £b sterling ($25 of wh. to
const. Mrs. Mary S. Smith L. M.) 27 16
Total of subscriptions and dona-
tions for the month, $1,070 11
For “ Life and Light,” Quarterlies, 55 50
For “ Echoes,” Quarterlies, 50
Total for month, $1,126 11
Evanston. Woman’s Miss’y Society, 12618
Galesburg. Ladies’ Miss’y Society of
1st Cong, church, 32 60 — 268 78
Detroit. Woman’s Miss'y Society,
fourth quarterly salary of Mrs. Coifing,
Central Turkey (of wh. to const. Mrs.
Maria T. Quick, of Ceylon Mission, L.
M., $25), 100 00
Southfield. Woman’s Miss’y Soci-
ety, towards scholarship in Miss Dean’s
school, $7.64; Busy Bees of Pres s. s.,
$2.44 ; “ I’ll Try ” s. s. class, $3.17 ; 13 25—113 25
Bloomington. Woman’s Miss’y So-
ciety, 10 00
Cambria. A friend, 5 00
Emerald Grove. Mrs. A. B. Shat-
tuck, 1 00
Oconomowoc. Woman’s Miss’y So-
ciety, 12 00 — -28 00
Bentonsport. Mrs. M. A. Farwell, 1200
Chester. Woman’s Miss’y Society of
Cong, ch., to be applied for salary of
Miss Ettie Maltbie, teacher in Eski Za-
gra, Turkey, 20 00
Davenport. (Woman’s Miss’y Soci-
ety , by prev. contributions, constituting
Mrs. Jno. A. Hamilton L. M.)
Fairfax. Woman’s Miss’y Society,
to const. Mrs. D. J. Jones L. M. 25 00
Garnavillo. Ladies’ Miss’y Society,
$5 ; Children’s Box, $1.00; 6 00
Sabula. Mrs. H. H. Woods, 5 00
Toledo. Woman's Miss’y Society, in
part payment of salary of native teach-
er under Mrs. Coffing, Marash, Central
Turkey, 14 00 — 82 00
Hamilton. Woman’s Miss’y Society, 6 00
Wasioja. E. R. S. 5 00 — 11 00
RECEIPTS OF THE WOMAN’S BOARD OF MIS-
SIONS FOR THE INTERIOR.
Mrs. J. V. Farwell, Chicago, Treasurer.
Chicago. Union Park Cong. Church,
Miss’y Society (of wh. from Mrs. Rob-
ert Hill, to const, herself L. M., $25,
Mrs. Martha A. Dickinson, $5, Miss
Hattie Bliss, with prev. contributions
of her daughters, to const, their moth-
er, Mrs. Almeda Bliss, L. M., $10),
$40 ; Lincoln Park Cong. ch. 40 ; 2d
Pres, ch., Woman’s Miss’y Society, by
Miss Julia Adams, $30 ; 110 00
Kidder. Woman’s Miss’y Society, 5 00
Osawatomie. Woman’s Miss’y Soci-
ety, towards Life-membership of Mrs.
N. D. Colman, 10 00
Marietta. Woman’s Miss’y Society,
to const. Mrs. Mary S. Andrews L. M. 25 00
Oberlin. Ladies’ Miss’y Society (of
wh. by her friends, to const. Mrs. C. D.
Dill L. M., $25), 29 00
Oxford. Western Female Seminary, 101 05
Tallmadge. (Previous contributions
of Rev. John and Mrs. Harriet Seward,
constituting Mrs. A. P. Rhodes L. M.) 155 05
The native pastors and preachers of
thje Central Turkey mission will soon re-
ceive twenty-five sets of Mr. Barnes’
Notes on the New Testament, and twenty-
five copies of his Notes on Daniel, a pres-
ent from the author. The large Chris-
tian experience, learning, and practical
wisdom of this honored servant of Christ
will then be reproduced in another lan-
guage, for the edification of the young and
growing Christian communities of Cen-
Another valuable donation has just
been made by Rev. Dr. Cowles, of Ober-
lin, of twenty sets of his Commentaries,
as follows: on Isaiah, Jeremiah, Eze-
kiel, the Minor Prophets, and his last
work on Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the
Song of Solomon. It is proposed to put
one set in each of the twelve principal
theological institutions of the Board, and
the rest in the libraries of female semina-
It would not be easy to overestimate
the value of these donations to the relig-
# t O
ious life and thought of the future minis-
try of Christ, and to the mission churches,
of many lands.
PAPAL AND PROTESTANT MISSIONARIES.
One of the missionaries of the Board
in Persia, at the close of a recent letter
on other subjects, refers to a matter which
has excited some interest of late, at home
and abroad, writing as follows : —
“ I have recently seen a copy of the
‘New York Evangelist’ containing ‘a
notable charge ’ to a foreign missionary at
his ordination, by a Professor in a Theo-
logical Seminary. It is not for mission-
aries to defend themselves against such im-
putations as are there implied, or to criti-
cise the taste of such a charge
“ But when the example of Burnish
missionaries is held up, as if they were a
model of superior devotion, and more suc-
cessful workmen, the result is a failure.
I must confess my surprise at the igno-
rance or the willful misrepresentation in
such comparisons. Formerly they might
have been regarded as true; but since
the careful and very candid study of the
history of Xavier and Romish mission-
aries, by such a man as Secretary Venn,
of the Church Missionary Society, and
the publication far and wide of his con-
clusions, to what shall we attribute such
persistent misstatements of the facts !
And when Protestant missionaries them-
selves are cited, as having a high admira-
tion for the devoted labors of modern
Roman Catholic monks, laboring in the
foreign field, we can hardly find words to
express our astonishment. I venture to
mention a few facts respecting those whom
we know here in Persia, as they may be of
value to you in meeting such wholesale
charges as the one I allude to.
“ I have no reason for supposing the
Lazarist priests laboring by our side are
not fair representatives of their order. I
have nothing to say derogatory to their
private character, except- it be that they
are lovers of good wine, and are given to
reviling when occasion provokes. But as
to their being examples of zeal, and their
commanding our high respect for their de-
votion and self-denying toils it is absurd;
unless indeed celibacy be the highest type
of Christian’ self-sacrifice, — an old idea,
that some modern theorizers seem disposed
to urge, not upon themselves and the min-
istry at large, but on that portion of the
clergy laboring in heathen lands, where of
all places, it would seem, that isolated
Christian men needed some relief and
compensation in society.
“ If these Lazarist priests are free from
the cares of families, they find their diver-
sion in other things. When they give
themselves more or less to the care of vine-
yards, fields, and aviaries, or to the pleas-
ure of hunting, they only seek in other
sources the relief and rest which we Prot-
estant missionaries find, more truly and
rationally, in sacred family duties. As to
their labors in prosecuting their work, un-
deniably they are neither lazy nor inef-
ficient. I admit that, like all Roman Cath-
olic priests, they are great zealots for their
church. More than this cannot be said
with truth. There is nothing that com-
mends itself for imitation. Their zeal is,
in its methods of manifestation, no loftier
in its kind than that of political dema-
gogues. Their converts are made by low
wiles and intrigues, by the support given
to dishonest men in denying’ their debts,
and to rogues in escaping from justice.
Murderers and adulterers are shielded by
them, and in return, give a nominal al-
legiance to the Pope and curse Nestorius.
“ I would not wish unduly to disparage
their labors, nor to seem to exalt our
own ; but in writing thus freely to you,
who are not likely to misunderstand me, I
can venture to contrast the energy and
activity of one with the other. Let me
give you a picture of our respective modes
of labor in the villages. I will take a
“ The papist missionary leaves his city
home of a Saturday afternoon or early
Sunday morning, as his destination may
be remote or near. Soon after sunrise on
the Sabbath he celebrates the mass. This
over, the morning is given up to feasting,
gossip, and jests, intermingled with eulo-
gies of the Pope and the papal religion.
Then follows a stroll among the vine-
yards, or a ride and hunt in the fields.
The day is closed by a return home or by
a visit to another village. His main de-
pendencies for the advancement of his
cause in the villages, those upon which he
expends his chief energies, and in regard
to which he manifests his zeal and devo-
tion most conspicuously, are the celebra-
tion of the mass, without preaching, and
free social intercourse.
“ The Protestant missionary leaves home
Saturday morning, rides to a village where
the helpers in a given section of the field
assemble, with whom he holds a meeting
of a couple of hours or more. Skeleton
sermons are presented and criticised; es-
says on practical subjects are read and dis-
cussed; with devotional exercises and re-
ports of labors interspersed. These over,
towards the close of the day, he rides to a
neighboring village. The principal part
of the Sabbath is spent in public preach-
ing, urging in private upon church-mem-
bers various duties of self-support, tem-
perance, and the like, or if it be a com-
munion Sabbath, in aiding the pastor in
his church meeting. At the close of the
day he either returns thoroughly tired out
by his two days of exhaustive labor, or
quite as commonly goes to another village,
to hold a meeting and give spur to the
work by his presence and words, returning
home Monday morning.
“ I might carry the contrast into other
departments of labor, but refrain. I only
wish to give you a few leading facts, which
cannot do harm if they are of no use to
SHOULD MISSIONARIES GO UNMARRIED ?
t A missionary nowin the United States,
— providentially constrained to return,
much .against his will, writes : “ Dr. H.’s
famous address to a young missionary, I
presume you have seen. I consider it ex-
ceedingly cruel ; not to me, but to my
brethren, for the Lord clearly sent me
home, and any opinion of man does not
trouble me. The address cannot but in-
jure the cause of missions, and at the
same time it shows a great ignorance of
the heathen and* of the missionary work.
The brethren at Madura would tell him
that an unmarried man would have no in-
fluence over the women of India (women
can be reached only by women), and that
the natives, judging a young Ccelebs by
themselves, would not trust him among
them a week. No amount of argument
would convince them that be was purely
A Heathen Nation Evangelized. History of the
Sandwich Islands Mission. By Rufus An-
derson, D. D, LL. D. Late Foreign Secre-
tary of the Board. Boston: Congregational
Publishing Societ}', 1870. 12mo, pp. xxiv.
Thf. story of the mission to the Sand-
wich Islands, and the triumphs of the gos-
pel there, has been often told in some
brief form, and histories of the Islands
and the mission, by Dibble, Jarves, and
Bingham, have long been in possession of
the public. But the most recent of these,
by Bingham, was completed in 1847, and
it was eminently fitting that the Secretary
whose relations with the work and the
missionaries had been so intimate from
the first, retired from his official station,
but still favored with a good degree of
health and strength, should present to the
churches the completed history of a now
completed foreign missionary work. The
time was fitting also. The “Jubilee” was
celebrated at the Islands just in sea-
son for some account of it to appear in
the closing chapter of the history, and the
mission is no longer to have a place among
those of the American Board in its An-
nual Reports. The work is done, and the
story of that work is told by the man who
so largely supervised it. The author has
not allowed himself to subject the narra-
tive to “ the rigid demands of chronology,”
but, while giving dates sufficiently, has
endeavored, in many of the thirty-eight
chapters of the volume, to give a some-
what completed view of topics as they
have arisen, and finished sketches of
prominent individuals among the native
28 Miscellany . [January,
helpers in the work, — sometimes of in-
tense interest. Thus there are chapters
on the “ condition of the people ” when the
mission was commenced, on “ opposition
from foreigners,” “ embarrassments of the
government,” “ preparation for the great
awakening,” “ results of the great awaken-
ing,” “ growth of the civil community,”
“ the Sandwich Islands evangelized,” etc. ;
and chapters respecting individuals, as
“ Keopuolani,” “ Kalanimoku and Na-
makana,” “ Kaahumanu,” “ Kapiolani,
heroine of the volcano,” “ Bartimeus,
the blind preacher,” “ deceased missiona-
ries,” etc. Supplementary pages give
brief memoranda in regard to the vari-
ous American laborers, male and female,
who have been employed at the Islands,
and a catalogue of the various publications
by the missionaries in the Hawaiian, the
Marquesan, and several Micronesian dia-
It will thus be seen that the volume,
though not large, is one of great inter-
est and value, furnishing, as it was de-
signed to do, not only a striking illustra-
tion of what may be done by missions to
the heathen, but important “ lessons for
those now engaged in the missionary
lUr Missionaries passing through Lon-
don, are invited by Mr. Burr, 11 Queen
Square, Bloomsbury, W. C. to make his
house a place of resort to meet their
friends. By taking pains to call there,
they may frequently hear of acquaintances
and friends in the city, as a registry of
names and addresses will be kept. Mr.
Burr has pleasant rooms for the accom-
modation of guests, and will do all in his
power to oblige them by needed informa-
tion as to travel, purchases, etc. He is
ready to secure passage by any of the
great lines of travel in advance, on appli-
cation, accompanied by appropriate drafts.
Miss Julia A. Shearman, of New York
city, sailed from that place December 1st*
to join the Western Turkey mission.
Mr. and Mrs. Wilder, Miss Day and
Miss Hance, who sailed from New York
July 6th, for the Zulu mission, reached
Durban September 17th.
Mr. and Mrs. Park, who sailed August
3d, for the Mahratta field, reached Bom-
bay September 16th, and were “most
kindly and cordially received on all sides,
being met first by two native Christians,
who “ went off in a boat to the steamer,
at the earliest opportunity.”
Rev. Isaac Pierson, from Andover, Mass,
(a graduate of Yale College and Andover
Seminary), who sailed from San Iran-
cisco September 1st, for the North China
mission, arrived at Shanghai October 4th.
He was expecting to leave that place for
Peking October 15th.
Misses Rappleye, Wood, and Maltbie,
who sailed from New York October 12th,
arrived at Constantinople November 11th.
At Cleveland, Ohio, November 1, 1870,
Mrs. Sarah C. Adams, relict of Rev.
Newton Adams, M. D., missionary to the
Zulus, South Africa.
Mrs. Adams (Sarah C. Van Tyne) was
born at Pittstown, N. Y., April 2, 1800,
but with her father, removed to Auburn,
N. Y., in 1812. She was there converted
under the preaching of Dr. Lansing, unit-
ing with his church in 1818. Soon after-
wards she told her sister of her strong
desire to become a missionary, but re-
quested that it should not be mentioned,
saying, if the Lord had work of this kind
for her to do, he would open the way.
With her brother she came to Cleveland,
in 1831, and was engaged in teaching.
Dr. Adams was then preparing, with
others, to go to South Africa and estab-
lish a mission among the Zulus. Attracted
by her earnest piety and devotion to tl\e
work of the Master, he found her ready
to accompany him, and they were married
November 2, 1834, and sailed from Bos-
ton December 3d of the same year for
Cape Town ; going thence by a long and
tedious overland journey to Port Natal.
The tribes were then uncivilized and
warlike ; wild beasts howled around their
dwelling, and trampled down the native
huts ; her health was never firm, but her
labors were abundant, and her priva-
tions many; yet she always spoke of the
years spent in Africa as the happiest of
her life, and on the morning of her last
day on earth she spoke of her love for
that dear missionary band and that peo-
Dr. Adams died in 1851, but she re-
mained in Africa five years longer, and
then only on account of ill-health, returned
to this country. The last few years of
her life were spent among friends in
Cleveland, Ohio, and Titusville, Penn. ;
in both of which places she was earnest
and unceasing in efforts to promote the
interests of her Redeemer’s kingdom,
and many will bless God that they were
brought under her influence. Her uni-
form cheerfulness, her readiness to sym-
pathize in the joys as well as sorrows of
others, and her great love for children,
were striking traits in her character.
One has truly said, “ Her life was per-
fectly rounded to its close.” She rests
from her labors, and her works do follow
At Eski Zagra, in November (date not
given), Miss Roseltha A. Norcross of the
mission to European Turkey. Further
notice of this sad event will appear here-
At Moonjasoon, Turkey, October 21,
Agnes Gertrude, daughter of Rev. W. A.
and Mrs. Caroline E. Farnsworth, of the
Cesarea station, Western Turkey mission.
DONATIONS RECEIVED IN NOVEMBER.
Gorham, Cong. ch. and so. 15 90
Portland, Plymouth Cong. ch. and
so. m. c. 26 12 — 42 02
Franklin county Aux. Soc. Rev. I.
New Sharon, Cong. ch. and so. 30 00
Lincoln and Sagadahoc counties.
Waldoboro, 1st Cong. ch. and so., of
wh. from Ladies’ Asso’n, 7 ; Mrs.
H. H. Lovell, 5; Mrs. Betsey Ste-
vens, 3; George Allen, 2; R. C.
Webb and wile, 2 ; collections,
Stowe, Cong. ch. and so. 5 00
Penobscot co. Aux. Soc. E. F. Duren,
Fitzwilliam, Cong. ch. and so., an-
Hillsboro’ co. Conf. of Ch’s. George
New Ipswich, Cong. ch. and so. m. c.
Peterboro, Evan. ch. and so.
North Hampton, Cong. ch. and so.,
m. c. 15.59, express, 25c.
Seabrook and Hampton Falls, Cong,
ch. and so., annual coll.
Sullivan co. Aux. Soc. N. W. Goddard,
Claremont, D. M. Ide, for China,
48 50 — 53 90
22 25 — 37 59
Addison co. Aux. Soc. Amos Wilcox,
Bangor, Central Cong. ch. and so.,
add’l, for the debt, 100 00
^Greeuville , Mrs. Emma S. Cameron,
for Micronesia, 20 00
Anson, Tilson H. Spaulding, 16 00
East Machias, Cong. ch. and so.
m. c. 31 00
Eastport, Central Cong. ch. and so.
m. c. 25 00
Harrington, Elizabeth A. Carleton, 1 00 — 57 00
Biddeford, 2d Cong. ch. and so.,
Thomas H. Cole, 10, A. Olivia Cole,
5; 15 00
South Berwick, avails of gold chain, 5 00 — 20 00
r „ 314 43
Legacies. — Bangor, Buchan Haskins,
by J. S. Wheelwright, Ex'r, 50 00
Chatham, Cong. ch. and so. 5 00
Cheshire co. Conf. of Ch’s. George
Bristol, Mrs. (Rev.) Philena Morgan, 2 00
Cornwall, Cong. ch. and so. 78 81
Yergennes, Cong. ch. and so. 43 30—124 11
Chittenden co. Aux. Soc. E. A. Fuller,
Burlington, 1st Calv. Cong. ch. and
so. m. c.
Jericho, David Hutchinson,
Westford, Cong. ch. and so., annual
coll., with prev. dona., to const.
Martin P. Rice, H. M.
Winooski, Cong. ch. and so.
Guildhall, Cong. ch. and so.
Bradford, Cong. ch. and so. , 100, less
West Randolph, “From a Friend,”
45, a thank-offering, 10 ;
Rutland co. James Barrett, Agent.
Rutland, Cong. ch. and so. m. c.
Sudbury, Cong. ch. and so., for
Windham co. Aux. Soc. C. F. Thomp-
Bellows Falls, Cong’l Bible-class,
Windsor co. Aux. Soc. Rev. C. B.
Drake and J. Steele, Tr’s.
Windsor, Cong. ch. and so., add’l,
20 10 — 85 10
55 00—154 75
20 00 — 92 64
[ J anuaryj
Woodstock, 1st' Cong. ch. and so.,
bi monthly coll. 12 15 — 16 15
Legacies. — Putney, Laura P. Parker,
by Sterne 0. Parker, Ex’r, 100 00
Westford, Mrs. S. Richardson, of
Cong’l church, by Rev. George P.
Byington, 10 00 — 110 00
Provincetown, Cong. ch. and so. 13 25
Great Barrington, 1st Cong. ch. and
so. 211 50
Housatonic, Cong. ch. and so. an-
nual coll. 18 47 — 229 97
Boston and vicinity.
Bostou, of wh. from Salem church,
J. P., 50 ; Friend, 25 ; a friend to
the cause, 2 ; 232 03
Chelsea, Winn. Cong. ch. and so.
m. c. 28.50; Broadway Cong. ch.
and so. m. c. 18. 17 ; a friend, 50; 96 67 — 323 70
Brookfield Asso’n. William Hyde, Tr.
Brookfield, Cong. ch. and so. 232 47
North Brookfield, 1st Cong. ch. and
so., annual coll., add’l, 5 00
Sturbridge, Cong. ch. and so. 170 40 — 407 87
Andover, Free Christian church, 8 70
Methuen, 1st Cong. ch. and so. m. c.,
2 months, 45 82 54 52
Essex co. North Conf. of Ch’s. Wil-
liam Thurston, Tr.
Amesbury and Salisbury, Union
Cong. ch. and so. 10 00
Newburyport, Miss H. F. Tyler, to
const. Mrs. Caroline L. Blake,
Byfield, Mass., and Miss Sophia J.
Lyon, Pelham, N. H., H. M., 2 '0 ;
Mrs. T. C. Tyler, to const. Mrs.
Eliza T. Burrill, H. M., 130;
Miss E. Bassett, 40 ; Memorial gift
from a member of North Cong’l
church, 8 ; 378 00 — 388 00
Essex co. South Conf. of Ch’s. C. M.
Beverly, Dane st. Cong. ch. and so.
m. c.., November, 19 29
Boxford, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 35 52
Lynnfield Centre, 1st Cong. ch. and
so. 4 95
Middleton, Cong. ch. and so. 35 00 94 76
Franklin co. Aux. Soc. Lewis Mer-
Ashfield, Hannah White, 10 00
Hampden co. Aux. Soc. Chas. Marsh,
, a friend, 5 00
Longmeadow, Cong. ch. and so.
m. c. 17 22
Palmer, 2d Cong. ch. and so. 48 41
Springfield, “Unabridged,” 1,000 00
Westfield, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 138 36-1,208 99
Auburndale, Cong. ch. and so., an-
nual coll., in part (of wh. for
China, 5), 1,583.23, m. c. 245.46 ; 1,828 69
Charlestown, 1st Cong. ch. and so.
m. c. 22 23
Lowell, High st. Cong. ch. and so. 129 30
Newton, a friend, 25 00
Somerville (Winter Hill), Broadway
Ortho. Cong. ch. and so., to const.
Amos Keyes, H. M. 100 00
West Concord, collection, by hand
Dr. H. B. Hooker, 8 68-2,113 90
Leominster, Evan. Cong. ch. and so.
45.50; J. B. Allen, 10; 55 50
Brookline, Harvard Cong. ch. and
so. m. c., November, 11 13
Foxboro, Mrs. Martha P. Grover, 50 00
Jamaica Plain, Central Cong. ch.
and so. m. c. 21 00
Needham, Josiah Davenport, 5 00
South Dedham, M. Fales, 5 00
West Medway, a friend. 5 00-
Taunton and vicinity.
Attleboro, 2d Cong. ch. and so., of
wh. from Ladies’ F. M. Society,
87.85, m. c. 20.01, to const. Mrs.
Wheaton Briggs, H. M.
Berkley, Female Cent Society,
Freetown, CoDg. ch. and so.
Worcester co. North Aux. Soc. C.
Phillipston, Cong. ch. and so., an-
nual coll. Ill 69
Templeton, Cong. ch. and so., Gents,
35.50, Ladies, 69.10, m. c. 14.27 ; 118 87
Winchendon, 1st Cong. ch. and so.,
coll. 22.67, m. c. 33.67 ; 56 34
5 29—134 63
Less balance paid for printing, 93 — 285 97
Worcester co. Central Asso’n. E. H.
Worcester, Plymouth Cong. qh. and
so. (a friend,, 100, coll. 36.56),
136.56 ; Alexander II. Wilder, to
const. Mrs. Mary J. Wilder, H.
M., 100 ; a friend, a thank-offer-
ing for missionary teaching at
Mount Holyoke Seminary, 10; 246 56
Legacies. — Boston, Martha A. Quin-
cy, by Thomas D. Quincy, Ex'r, 289 45
Whately, William Merriam, by L.
Merriam, Adm’r, 280 79 — 570 24
Little Compton, United Cong. ch. and so. 26 60
Fairfield co. East Aux. Society.
Bethel, Cong. ch. and so. 28 34
Newtown, Cong. ch. and so. 12 50
Stratford, G. Loomis, 2 50—43 34
Fairfield co. West Aux. Soc. A. E.
Darien Depot, Rev. E. D. Kinney, 5 00
Green’s Farms, Cong. ch. and so. 157 75
New Canaan, Cong. ch. and so. 146 83
Ridgebury, Cong. ch. and so., an-
nual coll., to const. Rev. Augustus
Alvord, H. M. 52 00
Weston, Cong. ch. and so. 25 00 — 386 58
Hartford co. Aux. Soc. E. W. Par-
*Bristol, Cong. ch. and so., Ladies’
Asso’n, 82 65
East Hartford, Cong. ch. and so. 309 50
Hartford, Centre Cong. ch. and so.
(coll., add’l, 119, m. c. 33.33),
152.33 ; Asylum Hill Cong. ch. and
so. m. c. 13.03; Rev. G. E. San-
borne, 10 ; 175 36
Poquonock, Cong. ch. and so., add’l,
with prev. dona’s, to const. Edgar
A. Moshier, H. M. 16 43
West Suffield, Cong. ch. and so. 45 00
Windsor, Cong. ch. and so. 50 00 — 678 91
Hartford co. South Consociation.
Middle Haddam Landing, 2d Cong.
ch. and so. 5 00
Middletown, 1st Cong. ch. and so.
m. c. 8.53; J. F. Huber, monthly
dona. ( 2 months), for Mr. Pen-
field's station, Madura, 2 ; 10 53
Newington, Cong. ch. and so., an-
nual coll. 128.26, Ladies’ Society,
85, m. c. 33.74; 247 00
Southington, Cong. ch. and so., an-
nual coll , of wh. from T. Higgins,
to const. Dennis P. Finch, H. M.,
U 0 : 255 50-518 03
Litchfield co. Aux. Soc. G. C. Wood-
Goshen, a friend, 15 00
Plymouth, Cong. ch. and so. 133 50
Roxbury, Cong. ch. and so. 20 00
Thomaston, Cong. ch. and so., to
const. Charles B. Holt, H. M. 358 10
Washington, 1st Cong. ch. and so.,
add'l, 5 00
Watertown, Cong. ch. and so., an-
nual coll., of wh. from Eli Curtiss,
to const. F. J. Partree, II. M.,
100 ; 193 11-724 71
Middlesex Asso’n. John Marvin, Tr.
East Iladdam, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 65 00
Killingworth, a friend, 5 00 — 70 00
New Haven City. F. T. Jarman,
1st Cong. ch. and so. (of wh. from
Samuel Miller, 100, coll. 824 80,
m. c. 22.36), 947.16; North Cong,
ch. and so. (of wh. from two ladies,
20, m. c. 12), 32 ; Davenport Cong,
ch. and so. m. c. 10.50 ;
New Haven co. East Aux. Soc. F. T.
Fair Haven, 1st Cong. ch. and so.,
to const. Rev. Harvest Bushnell,
Wallingford, Cong. ch. and so.
New Haven co. West Conso’n. E. B.
Bethany, Cong. ch. and so. m. c.
Southbury, Cong. ch. and so.
Waterbury, 1st Cong. ch. and so.
(coll. 200.21, m. c. 13.79), 214; a
friend, 5; 219 00
Whitneyville, Cong. ch. and so.,
Gents, 54.31, Ladies, 40 35, m. c.
32 31, to const. Mrs. Amelia A.
Leonard, Marsovan, Turkey, H.
M. 127 00—420 46
80 10—140 10
New London and vie. and Norwich and
vie. C. Butler and L. A. Hyde, Trs.
Bozrah, Cong. ch. and so., add’l,
East Lyme, Cong. ch. and so.
Griswold, 1st CoDg. ch. and so., an-
Jewett City, Rev. Augustine Root,
New London, Mrs. Eliza A. Bull, to
const. Rev. Edward Bull, Beau-
fort, N. C., H. M.
Norwich, Broadway Cong. ch. and so.
(of wh from a friend of missions,
[5 gold], 5.53, m. c. 20), 25.53 ; 2d
Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 20.90; 1st
Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 14.14;
Sprague, Hanover Society, add'l,
Tolland co. Aux. Soc. C. H. Dilling-
Bolton, Cong. ch. and so.
Columbia, Cong. ch. and so., Gents,
34.74, Ladies, 59.26;
Ellington, Cong. ch. and so.
Windham co. Aux. Soc. Rev. H. F.
East Woodstock, Cong. ch. and so.
Pom fret, Cong. ch. and so., coll.
131 70, m. c. 42.43;
Woodstock, 1st Cong. ch. and so.
14 50—189 07
85 60—204 10
17 00—246 38
Milford, 1st Cong. ch. and so., annual
coll., to const. Rev. A. J. Lyman, and
Miss S. N. L. Stowe, H. M. 422 96
Legacies. — East Haven, Jeremiah
Woodward, by Ammi Tyler, 2,000,
less expenses, 3 ; 1,997 00
Pomfret, Mrs. Sophronia (Abbott)
Grosvenor, by Rev. C. P. Grosve-
nor, Ex’r, 415 00-2,412 00
Brooklyn, South Cong. ch. and so., in
part, 169 07 ; 1st Pres, ch., add’l to
last year, F. H. Lovell, 150 ; 319 07
Durham, 1st Pres. ch. m. c. 7 ; Ladies’
Cent Society, 14 ; 21 00
East Bloomfield. Cong. ch. and so. 109 84
Haveretraw, Central Pres. ch. 100 00
Jasper, a few individuals, to const.
Mrs. Sarah Lamson, II. M. 100 00
Lumberland, Cong. ch. and so.
Madison, “ Cent Society,”
Mount Sinai, Cong.ch. and so.
New York, Broadway Tabernacle Cong,
ch. and so., in part, l,20l»; Harlem
Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 10.50 ; Third
Ave. Mission Chapel, 10 ; Students
in Union Theol. Sem’y, 7 ; Mrs. S.
M. Valentine, 10; received through
the “ New York Observer,” 5 ; Miss
Anna Davenport, 2 ;
Niagara Falls, A. II. Porter,
Palmyra, Miss Tabitha Sheffield,
Patchogue, Cong. ch. and so.
Penn Yan, Charles C. Sheppard,
Rochester, Brick Pres. ch. 135.78 ; 1st
Pres, ch., add’l, 7-50 ; a “ Friend,”
for Harpoot, 3 ;
Saratoga, Ann E. F. Smith,
Tarrytown, Mrs. M. B. Nichols,
West Bloomfield, Mrs. B. P. Hall,
Woodhaven, Cong. ch. and so.
5 96-2,533 51
Legacies. — Geneva, Rev. M. P. Squier,
D. D., add’l, by Mrs. C. Squier,
Ex’x, 280 00
Madison, Rev. Roswell Hawkes, by
his daughter, Mrs. E. S. Putnam, 100 00
Morrisania, E. Withington, add’l, by
Rev. S. S. Jocelyn and J. B. Col-
man, Trustees, 50 00 — 430 00
Hohokus, “ A Friend,” 5 00
Newark, 2d Pres, eh., Young People’s
Miss’y Society, 76 60 ; South Park
Pres, ch., “ a friend ” 1 ; ditto, ditto,
1 ; 78 60
Orange, Valley Cong. ch. and so., add’l,
P. M. Myers, 100 00
Vineland, 1st Pres. ch. 11 00
Wantage, 1st Pres, ch., 60, less prev.
ack’d, 50 ; 10 00—204 60
Lock Haven, G. B. Perkins,
Philadelphia, Miss K. M. Linnard,100;
“J. D. L.,” monthly dona., with
previous dona., to const. Foster A.
Rhea, Jonesboro, East Tennessee,
H. M., 50;
New Orleans, 1st Cong. ch. and so. m. c.
150 00-153 79
Atwater, Cong. ch. and so. 27 00
Cincinnati, Third Pres. ch. 273 72
Collamer, Cong. ch. and so. 50 00
Dayton, East Pres. ch. 25 00
Fairmount, Pres. ch. 5 00
Fearing, Tp, Mrs. Angelina Stanley, 10 00
Four Corners, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 4 40
Gustavus, Elam Linsley, 1 00
Jackson, C. H., A. C. V., 5 00
Mansfield, Austin Marshall, 5 00
Oberlin, Cong, churches, m. c. 22 86
Sullivan, Cong. ch. and so. 12 Ol)
Tallmadge, Benevolent Asso’n, annual
coll., to const. Mrs. Martha J. Bron-
son, H. M. 113 25
Wheelersburg, “ A Friend,” 4 75-
Michigan City, Cong. ch. and so.
Alton, M. K. Whittlesey, 2 00
Amboy, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 17 30
Canton, Cong. ch. and so. 33 70
Chicago, 1st Cong. ch. and so. (of wh.
from Rev. W. W. Patten, D. D., 50),
303; South Cong. ch. and so. 11.95;
Theol. Seminary, Society of Inquiry,
2 05 ; 317 00
Dixon, C. A. Davis, 10 00
Geneva, Cong, ch and so. m. c. 3 32
Lena, Mrs. E. Terrel, 1, Mrs. Mary M.
Reynard, 1 ; 2 00
Pana, 1st Pres. ch. annual coll., 55.35 ;
Rev. James S. Walton, 5 ; 60 35
Shirland, Cong. ch. and so. 13 50
Wheaton, Cong. ch. and so. 11 00 — 470 17
Legacies. — Chicago, William H. Brown,
add’l, by C. B. and S. L. Brown, Ex’rs, 6,050 00
Allegan, Cong. ch. and so., annual coll.,
of wh. from Mrs. Elizabeth Booth, to
const. Rev. Rufus Apthorp, H. M.,
50 ; 71 10
Edwardsburg, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 60 00
Frankfort, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 4 CO
Richland, 1st Pres, ch., annual coll. 46 75 — 181 85
, a friend, 250 00
Medford, Cong. ch. and so. 6 00
Minneapolis, Plymouth Cong. ch. and
so. m. c. 10 20
St. Peter, Mrs. Treadwell, 2 50 — 268 70
Bradford, Cong. ch. and so. 10 00
Chester, Cong. ch. and so. 31 00
Florence, 1st Cong. ch. and so., No-
vember coll. 2 00
Magnolia, Cong. ch. and so. m. c., No-
7 00 — 50 00
10 00—129 88
Cambria, Nancy J. Williams,
Elkhorn, Cong. ch. and so.
Emerald Grove, Cong. ch. and so.
Hartford, 1st Cong. ch. and so.
Kenosha, 1st Cong. ch. and so.
Lake Mills, Cong. ch. and so.
Menasha, Cong. ch. and so.
Shullsburg, Cong. ch. and so.
Sparta, H. Rice,
Iron ton, Giles Russell,
Solomon City, Pres. ch.
Wabaunsee, 1st Church of Christ,
Nebraska City, a friend,
Ponca, Rev. W. H. Clark,
9 00 — 14 00
5 94 — 14 94
Portland, 1st Cong. ch. and so. m. c.,
November, 6 00
Yankton, Cong. ch. and so. 18 52
Province of Quebec.
Montreal, E. K. Greene (800 gold),
893.00 ; Hugh Me Lennon, 25 ; 918 00
Sherbrooke, Thomas S. Morey, 6 80 — 924 80
FOREIGN LANDS AND MISSIONARY STATIONS.
China, Kalgan, Rev. Mark Williams, 140 00
India, Madura, monthly concert coll.
16.15 ; C. Phillips, in memory of his
beloved daughter Mary, deceased,
5.60 ; 21 75
Seneca Mission, Oldtown, m. c. 18;
Mrs. S. M. Wellman, 2; 20 00
South Africa, Natal, Umtwalumi m. c. 5 00—186 75
MISSION WORK FOR WOMEN.
From Woman’s Board of Missions.
Mrs. Homer Bartlett, Boston, Treasurer.
Massachusetts, Wellesley Auxiliary So-
ciety, for pupil in Miss Fritcher’s
school, 70 ; for pupil in Miss Smith’s
school, 25 ; 95 00
New York, Brooklyn, New England
Cong. ch. s. s., Miss Hattie Snooks,
in part, for pupil at Oroomiah, 10 00 — 105 00
From Woman’s Board of Missions for the
Mrs. J. V. Farwell, Chicago, Treasurer, 673 08
MISSION SCHOOL ENTERPRISE.
Maine. — Bangor, Central Cong. s. s. 30 00
New Hampshire.— Campton, Cong. s. s. 32.75 ;
Jaffrey, Cong. s. s. 6.25; North Hampton,
E. and L. Haines, 1 ; 40 00
Vermont. — Dummerston, M. Chandler, “for
little services,” 50c. ; Salem, a little Union
School, 3.75 ; Westhaven, ditto, 5 ; 9 25
Massachusetts. — Great Barrington, 1st Cong,
s. s. 33.50; Lee, Cong. ch. and so., Ladies,
for a scholar in Rev. Wm. Ireland’s train-
ing-school, Zulu Mission, 33.25 ; Newbury-
port, Mrs. T. C. Tyler, 1.87 ; Shirley Vil-
lage, Cong. s. s., for schools in India. 10;
Williamstown, Cong. s. s., for school at
Jaffna, Ceylon, 30 ; 113 62
Connecticut. — Newtown, Cong. s. s. 12 50
New York. — Hamptonburgh, District No. 5,
s. s. 4; Oswego, Cong. s. s. (Mr. Fort’s Bi-
ble-class, for the training-class at Erzroom,
21.45; Mrs. Hamilton’s class, for ditto, 5),
26.45 ; 30 45
Pennsylvania. — Franklin, 1st Pres s. s. 15 29
Ohio. — Granville, Pres. s. s. Miss’y Society, 13 00
Illinois. — Freeport, Pres. s. s. 50 ; Granville,
Cong. s. s. 3.25 ; 53 25
Michigan. — Adrian, 1st Pres. s. s., for native
helper, under Rev. H. N. Barnum, at Har-
poot, 100 00
Wisconsin. — Elkhorn, Cong. s. s. 9.02 ; Taf-
ton, Cong. s. s. 2.75 ; 11 77
Canada. — Province of Quebec, Montreal, Zion
Cong. ch. s. s. 22 15
Donations received in November,
Legacies, “ “ “
Total from Sept. 1st, 1870,
to Nov. 30, 1870. 382,490 20
HOW TO REMIT SAEELY.
In making remittances (of sums above Five Dollars) it is best to procure a draft on
Boston, New York, or Philadelphia, or a “ Post-Office Money Order.” When neither
of these can be conveniently obtained, send the money, but always in a registered letter.
The registration fee has been reduced to fifteen cents, and the present registration
system has been found, by the Post-Office Department, to be virtually an absolute
protection against losses by mail. All Postmasters are obliged to register letters when
requested to do so.
mLtbr *Jos, t
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